Fine-grained multi-authority access control in IoT-enabled mHealth

Abstract

With the popularity of Internet of Things (IoT) and cloud computing technologies, mobile healthcare (mHealth) can offer remote, accurate, and effective medical services for patients according to their personal health records (PHRs). However, data security and efficient access of the PHR should be addressed. Attribute-based encryption (ABE) is regarded as a well-received cryptographic mechanism to simultaneously realize fine-grained access control and data confidentiality in mHealth. Nevertheless, existing works are either constructed in the single-authority setting which may be a performance bottleneck, or lack of efficient user decryption. In this paper, we propose SEMAAC, a secure and efficient multi-authority access control system for IoT-enabled mHealth. In SEMAAC, there are multiple independently worked attribute authorities (AAs). A new entity could be an AA without re-building the system. To reduce the user decryption overhead, most decryption is executed in cloud server, which whereafter returns a partial decryption ciphertext (PDC). The AAs can help the user to check if the PDC is correctly computed. Additionally, a restricted user can delegate his/her key to someone to outsource the decryption and check the returned result, without exposing the plaintext PHR file. The proposed SEMAAC is proved to be adaptively secure in the standard model. The numerical analysis and extensive experiments illustrate the efficiency and advantage of our scheme.

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Acknowledgements

We thank the reviewers for the helpful comments.

Funding

This research is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under grant no. 61502248, 61872192, 61427801, u1405255, China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant no. 2018M632350), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BK20181394) and Qing Lan Project.

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Correspondence to Qi Li.

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Li, Q., Zhu, H., Xiong, J. et al. Fine-grained multi-authority access control in IoT-enabled mHealth. Ann. Telecommun. 74, 389–400 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12243-018-00702-6

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Keywords

  • Mobile healthcare
  • Attribute-based encryption
  • Access control
  • Multiple authorities
  • Efficient decryption