Wireless sensing and identification based on radar cross section variability measurement of passive electromagnetic sensors

Abstract

In this paper, we present the wireless measurement of various physical quantities from the analysis of the radar cross section variability of passive electromagnetic sensors. The technique uses a millimeter frequency-modulated continuous-wave radar for both remote sensing and wireless identification of sensors. Long reading ranges (up to some decameters) are reached at the expense of poor measurement resolution (typically 10 %). A review of recent experimental results is reported for illustration purposes.

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Acknowledgments

The author wish to thank the two following institutions for financial support: the French Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) through the contract no. 045985 and the Pole de Competitivité Aéronautique, Espace et Systèmes Embarqués through the project Système Autonome Communicant En Réseau.

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Correspondence to Hervé Aubert.

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Aubert, H., Chebila, F., Jatlaoui, M. et al. Wireless sensing and identification based on radar cross section variability measurement of passive electromagnetic sensors. Ann. Telecommun. 68, 425–435 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12243-013-0376-5

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Keywords

  • Wireless sensor network
  • Passive sensor
  • Remote sensing
  • Backscattering
  • Frequency modulation
  • FMCW radar
  • Millimeter wave
  • Chipless RFID