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Diversity in cascaded N*Nakagami channels


Short term fading conditions that are worse than those existing in typical Nakagami channels can be modeled using the cascaded approach where the received signal-to-noise ratio is treated as the product of N identical or nonidentical random variables that are either dependent or independent. Cascaded channels also permit the modeling of fading seen in amplify and forward relaying channels as well as keyhole channels. The simplest of these models, referred to as the N*Nakagami model, assumes that the received signal to noise ratio is the product of N independent and identically distributed gamma variables. The fading mitigation achieved in such cascaded channels through diversity is studied in this work. Through analytical approach and simulation, the performance of wireless channels is examined for the selection combining, equal gain combining, generalized selection combining, and maximal ratio combining algorithms. Results demonstrate the existence of severe degradations in cascaded fading channels and the comparative usefulness of the various algorithms in improving the data transmission capabilities. Even though the analysis was undertaken for the case of a coherent binary shift keying modem, results can easily be extended to other modems.

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Correspondence to P. M. Shankar.

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Shankar, P.M. Diversity in cascaded N*Nakagami channels. Ann. Telecommun. 68, 477–483 (2013).

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  • Cascaded channels
  • Diversity
  • Selection combining
  • Maximal Ratio combining
  • Equal Gain Combining
  • Generalized Selection combining
  • Error rates
  • Outage probabilities