Minimum-value distribution of random electromagnetic fields for modeling deep fading in wireless communications

  • Gabriele GradoniEmail author
  • Luk R. Arnaut


In this work, we presented a theoretical investigation of the minimum-value distribution inside complex electromagnetic environments. In particular, a statistical model for characterizing the minimum value of the complex-value field or power inside a dynamic mode-tuned or mode-stirred reverberation chamber is presented and discussed. Such an EM environment serves as an emulator of multipath radiowave propagation for indoor/outdoor wireless communication channels. It is found that, for both overmoded and undermoded regimes, the generalized extreme value distribution leads to the reverse Fréchet and Weibull types for complex-value (Cartesian and total) fields and for the total energy (or intensity). These distributions are stable and follow from the convergent behavior of the lower tail for their corresponding parent distribution of the Cartesian field magnitude, namely a χ 2. On the other hand, received power exhibits a Pareto-type distribution because of the unbounded left tail of the negative exponential parent distribution.


Generalized extreme value Reverberation chamber Fading 


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Copyright information

© Institut Télécom and Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Ingegneria Biomedica, Elettronica e TelecomunicazioniUniversità Politecnica delle MarcheAnconaItaly
  2. 2.Time, Quantum & Electromagnetics DivisionNational Physical Laboratory (NPL)TeddingtonUK
  3. 3.Communications and Signal Processing Group Department of Electrical EngineeringImperial College of ScienceLondonUK

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