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Table 2 Mean density enhancement (year 0.5 ind m–2) and gross annual production (P) of fish and mobile crustaceans in seagrass, saltmarsh, and oyster reef relative to unstructured control habitat in the Gulf of Mexico. DD data deficient, ND no data, NE not enhanced according to the dataset (see ESM 4 for further details)

From: Estimating and Applying Fish and Invertebrate Density and Production Enhancement from Seagrass, Salt Marsh Edge, and Oyster Reef Nursery Habitats in the Gulf of Mexico

   Seagrass Oyster Saltmarsh
Species Common name Mean YOY density ind m−2 (SD) Mean P g m2 y−1 (SD) Mean YOYdensity ind m−2 (SD) Mean P
g m2 y−1 (SD)
Mean YOY density ind m−2 (SD) Mean P
g m2 y−1 (SD)
Achirus lineatus Lined sole NE NE 0.02 (<0.01) 0.1 (<0.1)
Archosargus probatocephalus Sheepshead 0.12 (0.08) 58.7 (27.7) 0.34 (0.18) 168.7 (63.4) 0.11 (0.10) 52.3 (33.5)
Bairdiella chrysoura Silver perch 0.25 (0.08) 35.5 (8.2) 0.49 (0.15) 70.1 (15.3) 0.74 (0.32) 104.9 (32.7)
Bathygobius soporator Frillfin goby DD 0.04 (0.02) 0.5 (0.2) DD
Callinectes sapidus Blue crab 3.56 (2.85) 329.2 (188.4) 0.39 (0.64) 36.9 (42.6) 3.48 (1.19) 325.2 (79.0)
Chasmodes longimaxilla Stretchjaw blenny ND 0.12 (0.05) 0.9 (0.2) ND
Ctenogobius boleosoma Darter goby 1.12 (0.78) 2.1 (1.0) NE 0.95 (0.55) 2.6 (0.8)
Cynoscion nebulosus Spotted seatrout 0.14 (0.07) 149.6 (57.6) DD 0.14 (0.09) 149.4 (70.2)
Cyprinodon variegatus Sheepshead minnow NE 0.08 (0.11) 0.7 (0.7) 0.12 (0.11) 1.1 (0.7)
Eucinostomus argenteus Silver mojarra 0.14 (0.04) 1.7 (0.4) DD DD
Eucinostomus melanopterus Flagfin mojarra DD 0.16 (0.16) 32.6 (23.1) DD
Farfantepenaeus aztecus Brown shrimp 2.24 (1.41) 85.7 (39.0) 0.52 (0.31) 19.9 (8.8) 1.37 (0.55) 51.9 (15.4)
Farfantepenaeus duorarum Pink shrimp 1.94 (0.67) 68.8 (17.6) DD 1.89 (1.68) 66.3 (43.7)
Fundulus grandis Gulf killifish DD DD 0.28 (0.09) 3.6 (0.8)
Fundulus xenicus Diamond killifish DD ND 0.03 (<0.01) <0.1 (<0.1)
Gobiesox strumosus Skilletfish DD 1.76 (0.64) 7.0 (1.8) 2.22 (2.14) 8.8 (6.0)
Gobiosoma bosc Naked goby 1.0 (0.88) 1.1 (0.7) 3.19 (1.01) 5.5 (1.2) 0.74 (0.23) 1.3 (0.3)
Gobiosoma robustum Code goby 0.52 (0.37) 0.4 (0.2) 1.51 (1.19) 1.0 (0.6) 0.10 (0.06) 0.1 (<0.1)
Hippocampus zosterae Dwarf seahorse 0.10 (0.05) <0.1 (<0.1) ND ND
Hypsoblennius hentz Feather blenny DD 0.10 (0.03) 0.3 (0.1) ND
Hypsoblennius ionthas Freckled blenny ND 0.17 (0.06) 0.6 (0.2) ND
Lagodon rhomboides Pinfish 0.77 (0.31) 58.4 (16.8) 0.54 (0.22) 40.8 (11.5) 0.42 (0.14) 31.8 (7.5)
Libinia dubia Longnose spider crab 0.16 (0.12) NA DD DD
Litopenaeus setiferus White shrimp 1.12 (0.48) 15.7 (4.8) 5.64 (4.49) 77.7 (44.2) 11.89 (6.22) 166.2 (61.6)
Lucania parva Rainwater killifish 8.33 (6.34) 19.2 (10.3) ND 1.02 (0.50) 2.3 (0.8)
Lutjanus griseus Gray snapper 0.55 (0.43) 415.1 (226.5) NE DD
Lutjanus synagris Lane snapper 0.03 (0.01) 3.4 (0.7) ND ND
Menippe sp. Stone crab NE 1.2 (0.67) 160.6 (65.0) DD
Mugil cephalus Striped mullet DD NE 0.30 (0.35) 151.3 (127.4)
Myrophis punctatus Speckled worm eel 0.32 (0.20) 5.6 (2.5) 0.05 (0.11) 0.9 (1.3) NE
Opsanus beta Gulf toadfish 0.96 (0.90) 4.3 (2.8) 1.83 (0.58) 9.0 (2.0) DD
Orthopristis chrysoptera Pigfish 0.08 (0.06) 9.9 (5.2) 0.09 (0.01) 10.6 (1.3) NE
Palaemonetes intermedius Brackish grass shrimp 1.51 (0.65) 0.2 (0.1) DD 3.17 (1.56) 0.4 (0.1)
Palaemonetes pugio Daggerblade grass shrimp 4.12 (2.02) 0.3 (0.1) NE 31.03 (14.63) 1.9 (0.6)
Palaemonetes vulgaris Marsh grass shrimp DD DD 3.61 (1.59) 0.4 (0.1)
Paralichthys lethostigma Southern flounder DD 0.02 (0.02) 6.3 (4.7) 0.04 (<0.01) 13.1 (1.1)
Poecilia latipinna Sailfin molly DD ND 2.03 (1.63) 39.6 (22.2)
Sciaenops ocellatus Red drum 0.03 (0.04) 104.8 (88.3) DD 0.01 (0.01) 47.6 (15.9)
Syngnathus louisianae Chain pipefish 0.06 (0.02) 0.3 (0.1) ND NE
Syngnathus scovelli Gulf pipefish 0.26 (0.05) 0.4 (0.1) ND 0.10 (0.06) 0.2 (0.1)
Total production    1370.3 (317.1)   650.6 (114.0)   1222.0 (189.7)