Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis, Moraceae) and Chataigne (A. camansi) for Food Security and Income Generation: The Case of Trinidad and Tobago
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Breadfruit ( Artocarpus altilis , Moraceae) and Chataigne ( A. camansi ) for Food Security and Income Generation: The Case of Trinidad and Tobago In 2009, a survey was conducted among 83 breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) and chataigne (A. camansi) farmers in five regions of Trinidad and Tobago, where breadfruit consumption has been stigmatized traditionally, to determine their perception of local consumers’ current attitudes to both crops and their response to this market. Breadfruit and chataigne, respectively, were grown as food for home consumption by 90.1% and 89.3%, for income by 67.9% and 65.3%, and for shading cocoa, the traditional use, by 63.0% and 61.3% of the farmers. Perceived consumer appreciation for these crops was rated as high to very high by 68.6% and 65.1% of farmers for breadfruit and chataigne, respectively; 50.6% and 56% gave similar ratings for consumer demand, while 61.4% and 57.8% thought the demand had increased over the last 10 years. Awareness of preparation methods for the fruits as food, as livestock feed, and for uses of the latex, leaves, and wood was reported. Estimated mean revenue for 2008 was USD 1,153.10 and USD 637.30 per farmer for breadfruit and chataigne, respectively. The results suggest that with increasing domestic demand these crops have become cash crops. Promotion of food and non-food uses will further increase farm incomes and the contribution of breadfruit and chataigne to food and nutrition security in Trinidad and Tobago.
Key WordsFarmers’ perception utilization consumer demand sales Caribbean breadfruit chataigne
The authors express their gratitude to the farmers who participated in the survey and thank the staff of the Central Statistical Office, the Ministry of Food Production and Marine Affairs, the Cocoa and Coffee Industry Board, the research and technical assistants, and the Department of Food Production for their contributions.
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