Economic Botany

, Volume 67, Issue 1, pp 41–50 | Cite as

Effects of Commercial Harvesting on Population Characteristics and Rhizome Yield of Anemone altaica

Article

Abstract

Effects of Commercial Harvesting on Population Characteristics and Rhizome Yield ofAnemone altaica. Commercial harvesting constitutes a direct threat to numerous non–timber forest products (NTFPs), but its ecological effects have not been well documented. Anemone altaica Fisch. ex C. A. Mey, a spring ephemeral plant found in temperate forests of Eurasia, is a traditional Chinese herb. Owing to medicinal value, its rhizomes have been harvested for commercial purposes in northwestern China for many years. This paper addresses the ecological effects of commercial harvesting on A. altaica populations under different harvest intensities. The results show that size–selective harvesting of rhizomes can increase population densities by asexual propagation. Currently, two– to three–year–old individuals derived from asexual propagation are the main targets of commercial harvesting. The increased demand in recent years has resulted in earlier and more intensive harvesting activities largely impacting the natural recovery of the harvested populations. For sustainable use of this traditional medicinal species, we recommend that a periodic harvest strategy of three to four years be adopted.

Key Words:

Anemone altaica size–selective harvesting ecological effect NTFPs 

商业性采集对阿尔泰银莲花种群特征及根状茎产量的影响

对许多非木材林产品而言,商业性采集是导致其受威胁的直接因素之一,但目前商业性采集所产生的生态效应仅在少数植物中开展了一些研究。阿尔泰银莲花是广泛分布在欧洲和亚洲北部的一种早春多年生林下草本植物,其根状茎是一种重要的传统中药。由于其药用价值,阿尔泰银莲花根状茎在中国西北地区已经有多年的采集历史。本文对不同采集强度下商业性采集活动对阿尔泰银莲花的生态学效应进行了研究。 结果表明,选择性采集可以通过影响无性繁殖而增加其种群密度。通过根状茎所产生的个体经过2–3年的生长后,成为目前商业性采集的主要对象。近年来持续上升的市场需求导致采集时间提前、采集强度增加,进而严重影响到阿尔泰银莲花种群的恢复。为了持续利用这一传统药用植物,建议每一采集地可以采取每隔3–4年进行一次采集的间歇式采集方式。

Literature Cited

  1. Balick, M. J. and R. Mendelsohn. 1992. Assessing the economic value of traditional medicines from tropical rain forests. Conservation Biology 6:128–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cunningham, A. B. 2001. Applied ethnobotany: People, wild plant use and conservation. Earthscan, London.Google Scholar
  3. Fenberg, P. B. and K. Roy. 2008. Ecological and evolutionary consequences of size–selective harvesting: How much do we know? Molecular Ecology 17(1):209–220.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ghimire, S. K., D. Mckey, and Y. Aumeeruddy-Thomas. 2005. Conservation of Himalayan medicinal plants: Harvesting patterns and ecology of two threatened species, Nardostachys grandiflora DC. and Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora (Pennell) Hong. Biological Conservation 124:463–475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Guariguata, M. R., J. C. Licona, B. Mostacedo, and P. Cronkleton. 2009. Damage to Brazil nut tree (Bertholletia excelsa) during selective time harvesting in Northern Bolivia. Forest Ecology and Management 258:788–793.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Guttormsen, A. G., D. Kristofersson, and E. Nævdal. 2008. Optimal management of renewable resources with Darwinian selection induced by harvesting. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 56:167–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hall, P. and K. Bawa. 1993. Methods to assess the impact of extraction of non–timber tropical forest products on plant populations. Economic Botany 47:234–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hamilton, A. and P. Hamilton. 2006. Plant conservation: An ecosystem approach. Earthscan, London.Google Scholar
  9. Koltunov, A., S. L. Ustin, G. P. Asner, and I. Fung. 2009. Selective logging changes forest phenology in the Brazilian Amazon: Evidence from MODIS image time series analysis. Remote Sensing of Environment 113:2431–2440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lefèvre, F. 2004. Human impacts on forest genetic resources in the temperate zone: An updated review. Forest Ecology and Management 197:257–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mooney, E. H. and J. B. McGraw. 2009. Relationship between age, size, and reproduction in populations of American ginseng, Panax quinquefolius (Araliaceae), across a range of harvest pressures. Ecoscience 16(1):84–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Rendón-Carmona, H., A. Martínez-Yrízar, P. Balvanera, and D. Pérez-Salicrup. 2009. Selective cutting of woody species in a Mexican tropical dry forest: Incompatibility between use and conservation. Forest Ecology and Management 257:567–579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Salick, J., A. Mejia, and T. Anderson. 1995. Non–timber forest products integrated with natural forest management, Rio San Juan. Nicaragua. Ecological Application 5:878–895.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Schumann, K., R. Wittig, A. Thiombiano, U. Becker, and K. Hahn. 2010. Impact of land–use type and bark– and leaf–harvesting on population structure and fruit production of the baobab tree (Adansonia digitata L.) in a semi–arid savanna, West Africa. Forest Ecology and Management 260:2035–2044.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ticktin, T. 2004. The ecological implications of harvesting non–timber forest products. Journal of Applied Ecology 41:11–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. ——— and P. Nantel. 2004. Dynamics of harvested populations of the tropical understory herb Aechmea magdalenae in old–growth versus secondary forests. Biological Conservation 120:461–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Wang, W. C. 1980. Page 12 Flora of China. Vol. 28. Science Press, Beijing.Google Scholar
  18. Wang, Y. M. 2008. Analysis of market demand tendency of Anemone altaica. National Information of Medica Materials 6(15):4.Google Scholar
  19. Williams, V. L., K. Balkwill, and E. T. F. Witkowski. 2000. Unraveling the commercial market for medicinal plants and plant parts on the Witwatersrand, South Africa. Economic Botany 54(3):310–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wu, J., Y. Zhang, and S. Li. 1990. Preliminary report on geographical distribution and ontogeny of Anemone altaica. Northwest Pharmaceutical Journal 5(2):32–34.Google Scholar
  21. Wu, Z. Y., T. Y. Zhou, and P. G. Xiao. 1988. Compendium of Xinhua Herbal, Vol. (I). Shanghai: Shanghai Science and Technology Publishing House (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  22. Zhu, A. P. 2009. Market analysis of Anemone altaica in 2009 and future prospect. National Information of Medica Materials 7(15):10–11.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Bioscience and BiotechnologyYangzhou UniversityYangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations