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Morphological Characteristics of Solanum Tuberosum Varieties Cultivated in North-West Spain

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Abstract

Potato is one of the main agricultural crops in north-western Spain. Varieties such as Baraka, Kennebec, Desiree and Alava are more commonly planted, but there is an interest in introducing other improved cultivars. The first step in the identification of a new potato varieties includes an assessment of the morphological characteristics of its aerial parts and their tubers characteristics. In this work, 36 botanical descriptors of 28 potato varieties were studied. The study took place during 2014 and 2015 in an experimental field at the Agricultural Research Centre of INORDE in A Limia (Ourense), Spain. Each variety was planted in three plots distributed within the experimental field. Morphological characteristics were measured on six plants of each variety. Multivariate statistical analyses were performed to identify differences and similarities between varieties. The floral characteristics and the degree of flowering were important features to differentiate the varieties. Also, plant habit, pigmentation in stem, calix and pedicel contributed to this differentiation.

Resumen

La papa es uno de los principales cultivos agrícolas en el noroeste de España. Variedades como Baraka, Kennebec, Desiree y Alava, son las que más comúnmente se siembran, pero existe interés en la introducción de otras variedades mejoradas. El primer paso en la identificación de nuevas variedades incluye una evaluación de las características morfológicas de la parte aérea y del tubérculo. En este trabajo se estudiaron 36 descriptores botánicos de 28 variedades de papa. El estudio tuvo lugar durante el 2014 y 2015 en un campo experimental en el Centro de Investigación Agrícola de INORDE en A Limia (Ourense), España. Se sembró cada variedad en tres lotes distribuidos dentro del área experimental. Se midieron las características morfológicas en seis plantas de cada variedad. Se corrieron análisis estadísticos multivariados para identificar diferencias y similitudes entre variedades. Las características florales y el grado de floración fueron importantes para diferenciarlas. También, el hábito de la planta, la pigmentación del tallo, cáliz y pedicelo, contribuyeron para esta diferenciación.

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Acknowledgments

We wish to thank the Instituto Ourensano para el Desarrollo Económico (INORDE) for the use of their experimental field. We also thank the PGI Patata de Galicia and the companies that provided the seed tubers. This study was supported by a grant from the University of Vigo.

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Correspondence to Ana Seijo-Rodríguez.

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Seijo-Rodríguez, A., Escuredo, O., Rodríguez-Flores, M.S. et al. Morphological Characteristics of Solanum Tuberosum Varieties Cultivated in North-West Spain. Am. J. Potato Res. 94, 26–37 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12230-016-9544-2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12230-016-9544-2

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