American Journal of Potato Research

, Volume 90, Issue 3, pp 255–260 | Cite as

Propensity of the Tomato Leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), to Develop on Four Potato Plant Varieties

  • R. Caparros Megido
  • Y. Brostaux
  • E. Haubruge
  • F. J. Verheggen
Article

Abstract

The tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is now considered to be one of the most damaging invasive pests of tomatoes in the world. Tomato is regarded as the main host of T. absoluta, but the pest can also feed, develop and reproduce on other cultivated Solanaceae, such as potato (Solanum tuberosum L). In the present study, we examined the ability of T. absoluta to develop on four commonly cultivated varieties of potato, under laboratory conditions. The survival rate of T. absoluta did not differ between the five tested host plants (tomato: Solanum lycopersicum cv. Moneymaker; and potato: Solanum tuberosum cv. Spunta, Charlotte, Nicola, and Bintje), but its development time (egg to pupation) was significantly affected. Compared to tomato, development times were longer on Bintje and shorter on Nicola, Charlotte, and Spunta. These results show the high capacity of T. absoluta to develop on potato crops.

Keywords

Host plant Solanum lycopersicum Solanum tuberosum South American tomato moth Fitness 

Resumen

El minador de la hoja en tomate, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), está considerado actualmente como una de las plagas invasivas de mayor daño en tomates en el mundo. Se considera al tomate como el hospedante principal de T. absoluta, pero la plaga también se puede alimentar, desarrollar y reproducir en otras Solanáceas cultivadas, como la papa (Solanum tuberosum L.). En el presente estudio examinamos la habilidad de T. absoluta para desarrollarse en cuatro variedades de papa cultivadas comunmente, bajo condiciones de laboratorio. El nivel de sobrevivencia de T. absoluta no difirió entre los cinco hospedantes probados (tomate: Solanum lycopersicum cv. Moneymaker; y papa: Solanum tuberosum cv. Spunta, Charlotte, Nicola, y Bintje), pero su tiempo de desarrollo (de huevo hasta pupa) se afectó significativamente. En comparación con el tomate, los tiempos de desarrollo fueron más largos en Bintje y más cortos en Nicola, Charlotte, y Spunta. Estos resultados muestran la alta capacidad de T. absoluta para desarrollarse en cultivos de papa.

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Copyright information

© Potato Association of America 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Caparros Megido
    • 1
  • Y. Brostaux
    • 2
  • E. Haubruge
    • 1
  • F. J. Verheggen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Functional and Evolutionary EntomologyUniversity of Liege (Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech)GemblouxBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Applied Statistics, Computer Science and MathematicsUniversity of Liege (Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech)GemblouxBelgium

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