American Journal of Potato Research

, Volume 89, Issue 5, pp 363–373 | Cite as

Effect of Manure Application Timing on Potato Yield, Quality, and Disease Incidence

  • Meghan A. Curless
  • Keith A. Kelling
  • Phillip E. Speth
  • Walter R. Stevenson
  • R. Vaughan James
Article

Abstract

This study was established to determine whether the timing of liquid dairy manure application prior to planting potatoes influenced potato crop performance and the occurrence and severity of common scab (Streptomyces spp.) and verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae). Four potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) varieties with varying levels of resistance to common scab and verticillium wilt were planted on a site treated with manure applied at 280,500 L ha−1 to separate plot areas 18, 6, or 1 month before potato planting in each of 2 years. Total tuber yield for 2001 showed a significant interaction between time of manure application and variety, with more scab-susceptible varieties (Russet Norkotah and W-1151R) showing lower yields compared to the fertilizer control when the manure application was made 1 month before planting. In 2002, the proportion of U.S. No. 1 tubers was significantly lower when manure was applied 1 month before planting, especially for W-1151R. Tuber dry matter was significantly reduced by manure application in both years, but was not consistently related to time of manure application. Total yield was significantly decreased as common scab levels increased, and this relationship was primarily driven by the low yield/high scab levels associated with W-1151R and Russet Norkotah planted 6 or 1 month after manure application in 2001. Late-season verticillium evaluations showed highest levels in 2001 when manure was applied 1 month before planting to susceptible varieties Superior and Russet Norkotah. This experiment showed that when manure was applied immediately ahead of potato planting yields, and quality of some varieties decreased in 1 of 2 years. Therefore, it may be safer to apply manure at least 18 months prior to planting potatoes.

Keywords

Solanum tuberosum Dairy manure Common scab Verticillium 

Resumen

El presente estudio se estableció para determinar si el tiempo de aplicación de estiércol vacuno líquido antes de plantar papa influenciaba el comportamiento del cultivo de la papa y la incidencia y severidad de la roña común (Streptomyces spp.) y el marchitamiento por verticillium (Verticillium dahliae). Se plantaron cuatro variedades de papa (Solanum tuberosum L.) con diferentes niveles de resistencia a la roña común y al marchitamiento por verticillium, en un sitio tratado con estiércol aplicado a razón de 280,500 L ha−1, para separar lotes con las aplicaciones a los 18, seis, o un mes antes de la siembra en cada uno de dos años. El rendimiento total de tubérculo para 2001 mostró una interacción significativa entre el tiempo de aplicación del estiércol y la variedad, en donde las susceptibles a la roña (Russet Norkotah y W-1151R) tuvieron rendimientos más bajos comparadas con el testigo de fertilización cuando se hizo la aplicación del estiércol un mes antes de la siembra. En el 2002, la proporción de tubérculos U.S. No. 1 fue significativamente mas baja cuando se aplicó el estiércol un mes antes de la siembra, especialmente con W-1151R. Se redujo significativamente la materia seca del tubérculo con la aplicación del estiércol en ambos años, pero no estuvo relacionada consistentemente con el tiempo de su aplicación. Se disminuyó significativamente el rendimiento total a medida que aumentaron los niveles de la roña común, y esta relación fue conducida primeramente por la asociación bajo rendimiento/altos niveles de roña, asociados con la siembra de W-1151R y Russet Norkotah seis o un mes después de la aplicación del estiércol en 2001. Las evaluaciones tardías de verticillium mostraron los más altos niveles en 2001, cuando el estiércol se aplicó un mes antes de la siembra en las variedades susceptibles Superior y Russet Norkotah. Este experimento demostró que cuando se aplicaba el estiércol inmediatamente antes de la siembra de papa, los rendimientos y la calidad de algunas variedades disminuyeron en uno o en los dos años. De aquí que pudiera ser más seguro aplicar el estiércol a medida que se hacen rotaciones con papa, en vez de hacerlo inmediatamente antes de la papa.

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Copyright information

© Potato Association of America 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meghan A. Curless
    • 1
  • Keith A. Kelling
    • 1
  • Phillip E. Speth
    • 1
  • Walter R. Stevenson
    • 2
  • R. Vaughan James
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Soil ScienceUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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