The Botanical Review

, Volume 84, Issue 1, pp 26–38 | Cite as

Trophotagma Enrichment Axes in Poaceae

  • S. E. Muchut
  • V. Pilatti
  • N. Uberti-Manassero
  • M. Perreta
  • A. C. Vegetti
Article
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

This review is intended: (1) to interpret and characterize morphological variations observed in the structure of the enrichment axes, located below the terminal inflorescence in Poaceae; and (2) to study the relationship between the intensity of development of such axes and the size of terminal inflorescence. An important reduction in the development of the terminal inflorescence is generally accompanied by a significant development of enrichment axes. It is necessary to adequately characterize these enrichment axes, differentiating them from the terminal inflorescence. Since the intensive development of enrichment axes in synflorescences of many grass genera has caused misinterpretations of the inflorescence structure, to include them as parts of the terminal inflorescence.

Keywords

Synflorescence Terminal inflorescence Lateral inflorescence Enrichment axes Grasses 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by PICT 2011 N° 0590 (ANPCyT, Argentine).

Literature Cited

  1. Amsler, A. I. & A. C. Vegetti. 1999. Tipología de la inflorescencia en Rhynchoryza (Oryzeae-Poaceae). Candollea 54 (1): 65–71.Google Scholar
  2. ———, R. Reinheimer & A. C. Vegetti. 2005. Tipología de la inflorescencia de Panicum L. Subg. Phanopyrum (Raf.) Pilg. (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). XXX Jornadas Argentinas de Botánica. Rosario, 6–10/11–2005. Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica (Suplemento) 40.Google Scholar
  3. Anton, A. M. & A. Hunziker. 1978. El género Munroa (Poaceae): sinopsis morfológica y taxonómica. Boletín de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias, Córdoba, Argentina 52 (3–4): 230–252.Google Scholar
  4. Bugnon, F. & J. Bonnard. 1966. Introduction a l’etude du systeme prefoliaire chez les Monocotyledons. Bulletin Scientifique de Bourgogne 24: 23–38.Google Scholar
  5. Calderón, C. & T. Soderstrom. 1973. Morphological and Anatomical Considerations of the Grass subfamily Bambusoideae Based on the New Genus Maclurolyra. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 11: 1–55. Google Scholar
  6. Cámara Hernández, J & Gambino, S. 1990. Ontogeny and Morphology of Zea diploperennis Inflorescences and the Origin of Maize (Zea mays ssp. mays). Maydica 35: 113–124.Google Scholar
  7. Clayton, W. D. 1969. A revision of the genus Hyparrhenia. Kew Bulletin, Additional Series, 2: 1–169.Google Scholar
  8. ———. 1972. Studies in the Gramineae: XXXI. The Awned Genera of Andropogoneae. Kew Bull. 27:457–474.Google Scholar
  9. ———. & S. A. Renvoize. 1986. Genera Graminum. Grasses of the World. HMSO Books. London.Google Scholar
  10. Doebley, J., & A. Stec. 1993. Inheritance of the morphological differences between Maize and Teosinte: Comparison of results for two F2 populations. Genetics 134: 559–570.Google Scholar
  11. ———, A. Stec & L. Hubbardt. 1997. The evolution of apical dominance in maize. Nature 386: 485–488.Google Scholar
  12. Doust, A. N., K. M. Devos, M. D. Gadberry, M. D. Gale & E.A. Kellogg. 2004. Genetic control of branching in foxtail millet. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 101: 9045–9050.Google Scholar
  13. Gram, K. 1961.The Inflorescence of the Grasses. Botanisk Tidsskrift 56 (4): 293–313Google Scholar
  14. Iltis, H. H. 2000. Homeotic sexual translocations and the origin of Maize (Zea mays, Poaceae): A new look and old problem. Economy Botany 54 (1): 7–42.Google Scholar
  15. Jacques-Felix, J. 1961. Biometrie et typus de ramification chez quelques Gramines tropicales. Aplications a la definiton des fomes biologiques. Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquée 8: 450–464.Google Scholar
  16. Kebrom, T. H., W. Spielmeyer, & E. J. Finnegan. 2013. Grasses provide new insights into regulation of shoot branching. Trends in Plant Science 18(1): 41–48.Google Scholar
  17. Kellogg, E. A. 2000. Molecular and morphological evolution in Andropogoneae. Pp 149–158. In: W. L. Jacobs & J. E. Everett (eds.). Grasses: Systematics and Evolution. CSIRO, Melbourne, Australia.Google Scholar
  18. ———. 2015. Flowering Plants Monocots: Poaceae. Pp 1-413. In: Kubitzki, K. (ed.). The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. Springer. New York.Google Scholar
  19. Martin-Trillo, M. & P. Cubas. 2010. TCP genes: a family snapshot ten years later. Trends in Plant Science 15: 31–39.Google Scholar
  20. Mathews, S., R. E. Spangler, R. J. Mason-Gamer & E. A. Kellogg. 2002. Phylogeny of Andropogoneae inferred from phytochrome B, GBSSI and NDHF. International Journal of Plant Science 163(3): 441–450.Google Scholar
  21. McSteen, P. & O. Leyser. 2005. Shoot branching. Annual Review Plant Biology 56: 353–374.Google Scholar
  22. Moore, K. J. & L. E. Moser. 1995. Quantifying development morphology of perennial grasses. Crop Science (Madison) 35: 37–43.Google Scholar
  23. Perreta, M. G. & A. C. Vegetti. 2004. Estructura de las inflorescencias en especies de Melica (Meliceae-Pooideae-Poaceae). Darwiniana 42 (1–4): 37–49.Google Scholar
  24. ——— & A. C. Vegetti. 2006. Structure and development of the branching system in Melica sarmentosa Nees (Poaceae). Feddes Repertorium 117 (3–4): 264–271.Google Scholar
  25. ———, J. Ramos & A. C. Vegetti. 2009. Development and Structure of the Grass Inflorescence. Botanical Review 75: 377–396.Google Scholar
  26. ———, J. C. Ramos, J. C. Tivano & A. C. Vegetti. 2011. Descriptive characters of growth form in Poaceae–an overview. Flora 206: 283–293.Google Scholar
  27. Pilatti, V. & A. C. Vegetti. 2014. Diversity of inflorescences in the Boutelouinae subtribe (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae). Flora 209: 426–434.Google Scholar
  28. ———. 2016. Diversidad y evolución de las inflorescencias en las subtribus más derivadas de Cynodonteae (Chloridoideae-Poaceae). Tesis doctoral. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Santa Fe.Google Scholar
  29. Reinheimer, R. 2007. Desarrollo y tipología de la inflorescencia de especies sudamericanas de Brachiaria y Urochloa y sus implicancias sistemáticas y taxonómicas (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). Tesis doctoral. Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Santa Fe.Google Scholar
  30. ——— & A. C. Vgetti. 2008. Inflorescence diversity and evolution in the pck clade (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution 275: 133–167.Google Scholar
  31. Rua, G. H. & M.C. Gróttola. 1997. Growth form models within the genus Paspalum L. (Poaceae, Panicae). Flora 192: 65–80.Google Scholar
  32. ——— & F. Weberling. 1998. Growth form and inflorescence structure of Paspalum L. (Poaceae: Paniceae): a comparative morphological approach. Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 69: 363–431.Google Scholar
  33. Tivano, J. C., M. Perreta & A. C. Vegetti. 2009. Types of enrichment axes in synflorescences of Poaceae. Flora 204: 382–387.Google Scholar
  34. Troll, W. 1964. Die Infloreszenzen, Typologie und Stellung im Aufbau des Vegetationskörpers 1. Gustav Fischer. Jena.Google Scholar
  35. Vega, A & Vegetti, A. C. 2000. Growth Form and Inflorescence Typology in Bothriochloa (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Andropogoneae). Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 71: 377– 391.Google Scholar
  36. Vegetti, A. C. 1991. Sobre politelia en las Inflorescencias de Poaceae. Kurtziana 21: 267–274.Google Scholar
  37. ———. 1994. Tipología de la sinflorescencia en Andropogoneae (Poaceae). Tesis doctoral. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Córdoba.Google Scholar
  38. ———. 1997a. Sobre la estructura de la inflorescencia en especies de Anthistiriinae (Andropogoneae - Poaceae). Candollea 52: 87–103.Google Scholar
  39. ———. 1997b. Sobre la estructura de la inflorescencia en especies de Rottboelliinae (Andropogoneae - Poaceae). Candollea 52: 475–495.Google Scholar
  40. ———. 1997c. The structure of the paracladial zone in Luziolinae (Oryzeae-Poaceae). Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 70: 101–106.Google Scholar
  41. ———. 1998. Sobre la estructura de la Inflorescencia en especies de Saccharinae, Germaniinae, Dimeriinae e Ischaeminae (Poaceae – Andropogoneae). Candollea 53: 51–70.Google Scholar
  42. ———. 1999. Typology of the Synflorescence of Andropogoneae (Poaceae), additional comments. Feddes Repertorium 110: 111–126.Google Scholar
  43. ——— & J. C. Tivano. 1991. La Inflorescencia en Aciachne (Poaceae). Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica 27 (1–2): 91–96.Google Scholar
  44. ——— & D. Müller-Doblies. 2004. The inhibition areas within the synflorescence of Poaceae. Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 73: 51–74.Google Scholar
  45. ——— & F. Weberling. 1996. The structure of the paracladial zone in Poaceae. Taxon 45: 453–460.Google Scholar
  46. Watson, L. & J. Dallwitz. 1992. The grass genera of the world. C.A.B. International. Wallingford.Google Scholar
  47. Weber, M. & A. C. Vegetti. 2001. An analysis of the inflorescences in species of Luziola (Oryzeae–Poaceae). Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 72: 161–179.Google Scholar
  48. Weberling, F. 1989. Morphology of flowers and inflorescences. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.Google Scholar
  49. Whipple, C. L., T. H. Kebrom,, A. L. Weber, F. Yang, D. Halle, R. Meeley, R. Schmidt, J. Doebley, T. P. Brutnell & D. P. Jackson. 2011. Grassy tillers1 promotes apical dominance in maize and responds to shade signals in the grasses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108 (33): 506–512.Google Scholar
  50. Wills, D. M., C. J. Whipple, S. Takuno, L. E. Kursel, L. M. Shannon, J. Ross-Ibarra & J. F. Doebley. 2013. From Many, One: Genetic Control of Prolificacy during Maize Domestication. PLoS Genet 9(6): e1003604.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. E. Muchut
    • 1
    • 2
  • V. Pilatti
    • 2
    • 3
  • N. Uberti-Manassero
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Perreta
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. C. Vegetti
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias EsperanzaUniversidad Nacional del LitoralSanta FeArgentina
  2. 2.CONICET, Consejo de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de la República ArgentinaSanta FeArgentina
  3. 3.Mejoramiento genético de especies forrajeras, EEA INTA, RafaelaSanta FeArgentina

Personalised recommendations