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A new record and emended description of a rare Amazonian white-sand species: Schoepfia clarkii (Schoepfiaceae)

  • Francisco FarroñayEmail author
  • Ricardo De Oliveira Perdiz
  • Flavio Magalhães Costa
  • Eduardo Magalhães Borges Prata
  • Alberto Vicentini


Schoepfia clarkii is a rare species of Schoepfiaceae that to date has been known only from the single flowering specimen used in the original description from white-sand vegetation in Venezuela. Here we report new records for this species collected from the lower Negro River basin in Brazil, ca. 900 km from the type locality, but also from white-sand vegetation. We provide a more detailed description of the species, including the first observations of fruit characters, as well as illustrations, photographs, a distribution map, and discussion of its conservation status. We also provide a key for the identification of the South American species of Schoepfia.


Brazilian Amazon hemiparasite Santalales Campinaranas white-sand vegetation 



This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brasil (CAPES) - Finance Code 001. We thank the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) (process 142243/2015-9) for providing the Ph.D. scholarship to Ricardo de Oliveira Perdiz. We also thank Laura C. C. Leite for the drawings. We thank the Editor in Chief and Douglas Daly for their important suggestions. We are grateful to the CENBAM-PPBio group: Armando dos Santos, Lúcia Pinto, William Magnusson, Albertina Lima, Iderland Viana, Emilio Higashigawa, Ramiro Melsinki, Andresa Viana, and field assistants from the Ramal Uga-Uga village.

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA)-Programa de Pós-Graduação em BotânicaLaboratório de Botânica Amazônica (LABOTAM)ManausBrazil

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