Skip to main content

A new Maxillariella (Orchidaceae: Maxillariinae) from Costa Rica and Panama

Abstract

Maxillariella prostrata, a new species from Costa Rica and Panama is described and illustrated. This species is similar to M. acervata but differs in having a prostrate habit, elliptic leaves up to 2 cm long, pseudobulbs with two unequal apical leaves, one larger and the other smaller, a red-spotted lip, the column apex entire, and the pollinarium made up of two small globose pollinia on an oblong stipe. Maxillariella prostrata also resembles M. dichaeoides from Ecuador and Peru but differs in having yellow to white flowers spotted with red, and the lip with a well-defined callus.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

Literature cited

  • Ackerman, J. D. 2014. Orchid flora of the Greater Antilles. The New York Botanical Garden Press,.

  • Atwood, J. T. 2003. Maxillaria. In: B. E. Hammel, M. H.Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica. Volume 3. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 93: 291–332.

  • ——— & D. E. Mora de Retana. 1999. Flora Costaricensis. Family #39 Orchidaceae: tribe Maxillarieae: subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae. Fieldiana, Bot., n.s. 40.

  • Bennett, D. E. & E. A. Christenson. 2009. Nine new species and one new name in Maxillaria (Orchidaceae). Phytotaxa 1: 21–36.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blanco, M. A., G. Carnevali, W. M. Whitten, R. Singer, S. Koehler, N. H. Williams, I. Ojeda, K. Neubig, & L. Endara. 2007. Generic realignments in Maxillariinae (Orchidaceae). Lankesteriana 7(3): 515–537.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bogarín, D., Z. Serracín, Z. Samudio, R. Rincón & F. Pupulin. 2014. An updated checklist of the Orchidaceae of Panama. Lankesteriana 14(3): 135–364.

    Google Scholar 

  • Morales, J. F. 2009. Orquídeas de Costa Rica / Orchids of Costa Rica. Vol. 4. Editorial INBio, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Santo Domingo, Heredia, Costa Rica.

  • Schuiteman A. & M. W. Chase. 2015. A reappraisal of Maxillaria (Orchidaceae). Phytotaxa 225: 1–78.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Whitten, W. M., M. A. Blanco, N. H. Williams, S. Koehler, G. Carnevali, R. B. Singer, L. Endara & K. M. Neubig. 2007. Molecular phylogenetics of Maxillaria and related genera (Orchidaceae: Cymbidieae) based on combined molecular data sets. American Journal of Botany 94: 1860–1889.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

We thank the Ministerio del Ambiente, Energía y Mares de Costa Rica (MINAE), the Sistema Nacional de Áreas de Conservación (SINAC), and the Ministerio de Ambiente de Panamá (MIAMBIENTE) of Panama for issuing the scientific permits under which wild specimens treated in this study were collected; the curators and staff at CR, INB, UCH, and USJ for granting access to the collections and for the facilities provided; and William Chacón of the Orquideario Happy Garden in Coto Brus, Puntarenas, who kindly provided plant material and data. This research was enabled by the Project 814-B2-161 “Hacia una moderna flora de orquídeas de Panamá” by JBL and the UCH herbarium, supported by the Vice-Presidency of Research at the Universidad de Costa Rica and the Universidad Autónoma de Chiriquí, Panama. We acknowledge two reviewers for their comments and suggestions to improve the manuscript.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Diego Bogarín.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Bogarín, D., Serracín, Z. & Samudio, Z. A new Maxillariella (Orchidaceae: Maxillariinae) from Costa Rica and Panama. Brittonia 70, 394–398 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12228-018-9542-4

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12228-018-9542-4

Keywords

  • Maxillaria
  • Maxillariella prostrata
  • floristics
  • Neotropics
  • taxonomy