Clusia guabalensis (Clusiaceae), a new hemiepiphyte species with floral resins from the Atlantic wet forest in Panama


Clusia guabalensis (Clusiaceae), a new species from wet forests on the Atlantic slope in northern Panama is described. Phylogenetic relationships and morphological affinities of this new species to other taxa in Clusia are discussed.


Clusia guabalensis (Clusiaceae), una nueva especie de bosques húmedos de la vertiente Atlántica del norte de Panamá es descrita. Se discuten las relaciones filogenéticas y afinidades morfológicas de esta nueva especie con otros taxa en Clusia.

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Field and herbarium work in Panama was generously supported by a Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute short term fellowship granted to ML. Christine Niezgoda, Maria Kawasaki (F); Dr. Jim Solomon, Olga Martha Montiel, Alba Arbelaez (MO); Dr. Fabian Michelangeli and Dr. Matthew Pace (NY); Dr. Laurence Dorr, Dr. Pedro Acevedo and Meghann Toner (US) provided generous assistance during herbarium work, for which ML is profoundly grateful. Visits to herbarium collections were possible thanks to Smithsonian Institution’s Lyman B. & Ruth C. Smith Fellowship Award, the American Society of Plant Taxonomists Graduate Research Award, the Missouri Botanical Garden Alwyn H. Gentry Fellowships for Latin American Botanists and the Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden Research Award granted to ML. Dr. Lucinda McDade provided valuable comments during the preparation of this manuscript. Dr. Barry Hammel and Dr. Volker Bittrich provided expert advice to significantly improve this manuscript.

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Correspondence to Manuel Luján.


Appendix 1. Herbarium vouchers and GenBank accession numbers for original nrITS sequences generated for the phylogenetic analysis.

Clusia alata Planch. & Triana: M. Luján et al. 499 (HUA), KX373636.1; C. burle-marxii Bittrich: F. Hurbath 148 (US), MF871656.1; C. araracuarae Pipoly: M. Luján et al. 509 (HUA), KX373658.1; C. brachycarpa Cuatrec.: M. Luján et al. 492 (HUA), KX373652.1; C. columnaris Engl.: M. Luján et al. 506 (HUA), MF871657.1; C. copey Hammel (ined.): B. Hammel 26,669 (CR), KX373654.1; C. decussata Ruiz & Pav. ex Planch. & Triana: M. Luján et al. 515 (HUA), MF871661.1; C. divaricata Maguire: M. Luján et al. 626 (PMA, SCZ), MF871662.1; C. fructiangusta Cuatrec.: M. Luján et al. 576 (PMA, SCZ), MF871663.1; C. garciabarrigae Cuatrec.: M. Luján et al. 502 (HUA), MF871664.1; C. flavida (Benth.) Pipoly: M. Luján et al. 512 (HUA), KX373657.1; C. guabalensis Luján & J. Aranda: M. Luján 620 (PMA, SCZ), MF871699.1; C. lanceolata Cambess.: S. Namoff 169 (RSA), KX373660.1; C. liesneri Maguire: M. Luján et al. 582 (PMA, SCZ), MF871665.1; C. lineata (Benth.) Planch. & Triana: M. Luján et al. 486 (HUA), MF871666.1; C. lundellii Standl.: M. Luján et al. 529 (RSA), MF871668.1; C. magnifolia Cuatrec.: M. Luján 488 (HUA), MF871669.1; C. mangle Rich. ex Planch. & Triana: M. Luján 453 (MERC), KX373649.1; C. minor L.: M. Luján et al. 463 (MER), MF871670.1; M. Luján et al. 464 (MER), MF871671.1; M. Luján et al. 525 (HUA), MF871672.1; M. Luján et al. 526 (RSA), MF871673.1; M. Luján et al. 565 (PMA, SCZ), MF871674.1; M. Luján et al. 597 (PMA, SCZ), MF871675.1; C. odorata Seem.: M. Luján et al. 600 (PMA, SCZ), MF871676.1; M. Luján et al. 601 (PMA, SCZ), MF871677.1; C. orthoneura Standl.: M. Luján 480 (RSA), MF871678.1; C. peninsulae Hammel: M. Luján et al. 603 (PMA, SCZ), MF871679.1; M. Luján et al. 604 (PMA, SCZ), MF871680.1; C. petiolaris Planch. & Triana: M. Luján et al. 500 (HUA), MF871681.1; M. Luján et al. 501 (HUA), MF871682.1; C. pratensis Seem.: M. Luján et al. 521 (HUA), MF871683.1; M. Luján et al. 564 (PMA, SCZ), MF871684.1; C. quadrangula Bartlett: M. Luján et al. 612 (PMA, SCZ), MF871685.1; C. rosaeflora Planch. & Lind. ex Pl. & Tr.: M. Luján et al. 465 (MER), MF871686.1; M. Luján et al. 467 (MER), MF871687.1; C. salvinii Donn. Sm.: M. Luján et al. 531 (RSA), MF871688.1; C. scariosepala (Maguire) Luján: M. Luján 475 (MERC); KX373641.1; C. stenophylla Standl.: M. Luján et al. 607 (PMA, SCZ), MF871689.1; C. trochiformis Vesque: M. Luján 476 (MERC), KX373645.1; C. uvitana Pittier: M. Luján et al. 574 (PMA, SCZ), MF871691.1; M. Luján et al. 614 (PMA, SCZ), MF871692.1; C. valerioi Standl.: M. Luján et al. 588 (PMA, SCZ), MF871693.1; M. Luján et al. 589 (PMA, SCZ), MF871694.1; C. venulosa Cuatrec.: M. Luján et al. 523 (HUA), MF871695.1; M. Luján et al. 524 (HUA), MF871696.1; Tovomita caputmonsia Gahagen: M. Luján et al. 592 (PMA, SCZ), MF871697.1; T. panamaea Gahagen: M. Luján et al. 594 (PMA, SCZ), MF871698.1.

Appendix 2. Herbarium vouchers and GenBank accession numbers for nrITS sequences used in the phylogenetic analysis that were taken from previously published studies (Vaasen et al., 2002; Gehrig et al., 2003; Gustafsson et al., 2007). Voucher information is from GenBank.

Chrysochlamys eclipes L. O. Williams: J. Aranda et al. 3476 (STRI), AJ509212.1; Ch. glauca (Oerst., Planch. & Triana) Hemsl.: J. Aranda et al. 3827 (STRI), AJ509213.1; Ch. grandifolia (L.O. Williams) Hammel: J. Aranda et al. 3593 (STRI), AJ509209.1; Ch. skutchii Hammel: J. Aranda et al. 3838 (STRI), AJ509211.1; Clusia amazonica Planch. & Triana: BS5352, AY145235.1; C. aripoensis Britton: ABsn, AY145197.1; C. burchellii Engl.: MA973, AY145211.1; C. clusioides (Griseb.) D’Arcy: MG272, AY145203.1; C. coclensis Standl.: J. Aranda et al. 3813 (STRI), AJ509187.1; C. congestiflora Cuatrec.: J. Aranda et al. 3711 (STRI), AJ509206.1; C. criuva Cambess.: VB97586, AY145187.1; C. cylindrica Hammel: J. Aranda et al. 3832 (STRI); AJ509201.1; C. cylindrica Hammel: HG 122, AJ312581.1; C. diamantina Bittrich: VB9843, AY145223.1; C. ducu Benth.: MG363, AY145220.1; C. elliptica Kunth: MG377, AY145226.1; C. flava Jacq.: MA976, AY145177.1; C. fluminensis Planch. & Triana: MA97249, AY145180.1; C. fockeana Miq.: MG308, AY145207.1; C. gardneri Planch. & Triana: VB181, AY145204.1; C. grandiflora Splitg.: SM24702, AY145218.1; C. gundlachii A. Stahl: MG264, AY145186.1; C. heterosavia Hammel (ined.): HG 124, AJ312583.1; C. hilariana Schltdl.: VB95155, AY145182.1; C. insignis Mart.: VBsn, AY145167.1;

C. lanceolata Cambess.: ARsn, AY145195.1; C. leprantha Mart.: SM24760, AY145172.1;

C. liesneri Maguire: JA 3669, AJ312563.1; C. melchiorii Gleason: MG315, AY145210.1;

C. nemorosa G. Mey.: MG296, AY145198.1; C. osaensis Hammel (ined.): HG 120, AJ312579.1; C. pallida Engl.: MG464, AY145188.1; C. palmana Standl.: J. Aranda et al. 3789 (STRI), AJ509198.1; C. palmicida Rich.: MG305, AY145192.1; C. panapanari (Aubl.) Choisy: MG298, AY145191.1; C. paralicola G. Mariz: MA975, AY145166.1; C. parviflora Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.: Cultivated at Botanischer Garten Tübingen, AJ414721.1; C. pernambucensis G. Mariz: MA95186, AY145171.1; C. platystigma Eya: SM24692, AY145201.1; C. pusilla Steyerm.: HBsn, AY145221.1; C. rosea Jacq.: J. Aranda et al. 3729 (STRI), AJ509229.1; C. schomburgkiana (Planch. & Triana) Benth. ex Engl.: MA9212, AY145217.1; C. scrobiculata Benoist.: SM24274, AY145184.1; C. spiritu-sanctensis G. Mariz & B. Weinb.: MA95185, AY145189.1; C. studartiana C.M. Vierira & Gomes da Silva: MA9736, AY145178.1; C. tocuchensis Britton: ABsn, AY145181.1; C. torresii Standl.: BH22396, AY145174.1; C. venosa L.: Cultivated at Botanischer Garten Tübingen, AJ414726.1; C. viscida Engl.: MG507, AY145196.1; C. weddelliana Planch. & Triana: MA974, AY145168.1.

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Luján, M., Aranda, J., Virgo, A. et al. Clusia guabalensis (Clusiaceae), a new hemiepiphyte species with floral resins from the Atlantic wet forest in Panama. Brittonia 70, 412–417 (2018).

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  • Central America
  • Clusia
  • Retinostemon
  • taxonomy