, Volume 65, Issue 4, pp 387–407 | Cite as

Taxonomic revision of the Chilean Puya species (Puyoideae, Bromeliaceae), with special notes on the Puya alpestris-Puya berteroniana species complex

  • Georg ZizkaEmail author
  • Julio V. Schneider
  • Katharina Schulte
  • Patricio Novoa


The Chilean Puya species (Puyoideae, Bromeliaceae) constitute an early diverging group within the genus and thus are key taxa for the understanding of the early evolution and biogeography of Puya. However, a modern taxonomic treatment including information from molecular phylogenetic studies is still lacking. Here, a taxonomic revision of the Chilean species of Puya is presented based on morphological, molecular, and biogeographic data. A re-evaluation of the widely applied concept of P. berteroniana led us to the conclusion that the type of P. berteroniana is of hybrid origin and is maintained as Puya × berteroniana. Our studies revealed that the name P. berteroniana has been widely misapplied to what in fact is the northern metapopulation of P. alpestris, which is here described as a new subspecies, Puya alpestris subsp. zoellneri, a member of subgenus Puya. A lectotype is designated for Puya copiapina and a neotype for P. chilensis. Altogether, six Puya species, two subspecies, four varieties and one hybrid taxon are recognized for the Chilean flora in this revision: P. alpestris subsp. alpestris and subsp. zoellneri; P. boliviensis; P. chilensis; P. gilmartiniae; P. coerulea var. coerulea, var. intermedia, var. monteroana, and var. violacea; P. venusta; and P. × berteroniana. A key is provided for their identification.

Key Words

Bromeliaceae Chile hybrid Puya Puyopsis 



We thank the Chilean authorities, especially the Corporación Nacional Forestal (CONAF) for various support and permission to collect plant material. We are grateful to the directors of herbaria B, BM, CONC, E, FR, FRP, G, GH, HAL, HBG, MO, NY, SGO, US, and WU for providing material. Special thanks are due to the herbaria and staff of CONC and SGO for their support. We thank Chilean botanists, conservationists, and friends for important informations about collections, bromeliad habitats, companionship, and support during field trips, especially Otto Zoellner, Roberto R. Rodriguez, Melica Muñoz-Schick, Andrés Moreira-Muñoz, and Carlos Trabold. We also thank Claudia Hornung and an anonymous reviewer for helpful comments. The drawings were done by Anna Sarah Becker. The studies were financially supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG ZI 557/6, 7–1, SCHU 2426/1-1). The authors also acknowledge funding from the research funding program “LOEWE – Landes-Offensive zur Entwicklung Wissenschaftlich-ökonomischer Exzellenz” of the Hesse’s Ministry of Higher Education, Research, and the Arts (Biodiversity and Climate Research Center, BiK-F).

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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georg Zizka
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Julio V. Schneider
    • 1
    • 2
  • Katharina Schulte
    • 3
  • Patricio Novoa
    • 4
  1. 1.Botanik und Molekulare EvolutionsforschungSenckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Johann Wolfgang Goethe-UniversitätFrankfurt am MainGermany
  2. 2.Biodiversity and Climate Research Center (BIK-F)Frankfurt am MainGermany
  3. 3.Australian Tropical Herbarium and Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change CentreJames Cook UniversityCairnsAustralia
  4. 4.Jardín Botánico NacionalViña del MarChile

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