, Volume 63, Issue 4, pp 510–520 | Cite as

Revised subfamily classification for Polygonaceae, with a tribal classification for Eriogonoideae

  • Janelle M. BurkeEmail author
  • Adriana Sanchez


Recent phylogenetic studies have provided a revised hypothesis of the evolutionary relationships within Polygonaceae, particularly regarding placement of certain tropical taxa. Based on phylogenetic data, we recognize three subfamilies: Eriogonoideae, Polygonoideae, and Symmerioideae. Within the Eriogonoideae we accept six tribes, two of which, Leptogoneae and Gymnopodieae, are new.

Key Words

Classification Eriogonoideae Polygonoideae Polygonaceae Symmerioideae 



We would like to thank M. Luckow (Cornell University), J. L. Reveal (Cornell University) and one anonymous reviewer for constructive comments on this manuscript. We would also like to thank the Harvard University Herbaria staff for providing material on loan and for technical assistance.

Literature Cited

  1. Bentham, G. 1836. On the Eriogoneae, a tribe of the order Polygonaceae. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 17: 401–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. ——— & J. D. Hooker. 1880. Genera plantarum ad exemplaria imprimis in herbariis kewensibus servata, vol. 3, part 1: 88–105. Reeve, London.Google Scholar
  3. Blake, S. F. 1921. Neomillspaughia, a new genus of Polygonaceae, with remarks on related genera. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 48: 77–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brandbyge, J. 1990. The genus Leptogonum (Polygonaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 10: 487–492.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. ———. 1993. Polygonaceae. In: K. Kubitzki (ed.), The families and genera of vascular plants, 6: 531–544. Springer, Berlin.Google Scholar
  6. Buchinger, M. 1957. Notas sobre la subdivisión de la familia de las Polygonáceas. Boletin de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica 7: 42–43.Google Scholar
  7. Burke, J. M., A. Sanchez, K. A. Kron & M. Luckow. 2010. Placing the woody tropical genera of Polygonaceae: A hypothesis of character evolution and phylogeny. American Journal of Botany 97: 1377–1390.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cocucci, A. E. 1961. Revision del género Ruprechtia (Polygonaceae). Kurtziana 1: 217–269.Google Scholar
  9. Dammer, U. 1893. Polygonaceae. In: A. Engler & K. Prantl (eds.), Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, vol III, part1a: 1–36. Engelmann, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  10. Endlicher, S. 1837. Genera plantarum secundum ordines naturales disposita, 304–310. F. Beck, Vienna, Austria.Google Scholar
  11. Ertter, B. 1980. A revision of the genus Oxytheca (Polygonaceae). Brittonia 32: 70–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Freeman, C. C. & J. L. Reveal. 2005. Polygonaceae. In: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.), Flora of North America, vol. 14: 216–601. Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  13. Graham, S.A. & C. E. Wood Jr. 1965. The genera of Polygonaceae in the southeastern United States. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 46(2): 91–121.Google Scholar
  14. Gross, H. 1913. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Polygonaceen. Botanische Jahrbürcher für Systemak, Pflanzengeshichte und Pflanzengeographie 49: 234–339.Google Scholar
  15. Haraldson, K. 1978. Anatomy and taxonomy in Polygonaceae subfam. Polygonoideae Meisn. emend. Jaretzky. Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses 22(2): 1–95.Google Scholar
  16. Hardham, C. B. 1989. Chromosome numbers of some annual species of Chorizanthe and related genera (Polygonaceae: Eriogonoideae). Phytologia 66: 89–94.Google Scholar
  17. Jaretzky, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Systematik der Polygonaceae unter Berucksichtigung des Oxymethyl-anthrachinon-Vorkommens. Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetablis 22: 49–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. ———. 1928. Histologische und karyologische Studien an Polygonaceen. Jahrbücher für Wissenschaftliche Botanik 69: 357–490.Google Scholar
  19. Jussieu, A. L. d. 1789. Genera plantarum secundum ordines naturales disposita. A. V. Hérissant & T. Barrois, Paris.Google Scholar
  20. Kempton, E. 2010. Systematics, character evolution and ecological diversification within Eriogonoideae s.s. Doctoral dissertation. Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, California.Google Scholar
  21. Lamb Frye, A. S. & K. A. Kron. 2003. Phylogeny and character evolution in Polygonaceae. Systematic Botany 28: 326–332.Google Scholar
  22. Lewis, W. H., H. L. Stripling & R. B. Ross. 1962. Chromosome numbers for some angiosperms of the southern United States and Mexico. Rhodora 64: 147–161.Google Scholar
  23. Meisner, C. F. 1856. Polygonaceae. In: A. de Candolle (ed.), Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis, vol. 14: 1–186. Treuttel & Würtz, ParisGoogle Scholar
  24. Meyer, C. A. 1840. Einige Bemerkungen ueber die natürliche Familie der Polygonaceae. Mémoires de l'Académie impériale des sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, series 6, sciences naturelles 4: 135–151.Google Scholar
  25. Michaux, A. 1803. Flora boreali-americana, sistens caracteres plantarum quas in America septentrionali. Levrault, Paris.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Ortiz, J. J. 1994. Polygonaceae. Etnoflora Yucatanense. Fascículo 10. Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universida Autónoma de Yucatán, Mérida, México.Google Scholar
  27. Pendry, C. A. 2004. Monograph of Ruprechtia (Polygonaceae). Systematic Botany Monographs 67: 1–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Rao, V. S. 1936. A contribution to the morphology of Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn. Journal of Indian Botanical Society 15: 105–114.Google Scholar
  29. Reveal, J. L. & C. B. Hardham. 1989. Three new monospecific genera of Polygonaceae subfamily Eriogonoideae from California. Phytologia 66: 83–88.Google Scholar
  30. Roberty, G. & S. Vautier. 1964. Les genres de Polygonaceés. Boissiera 10: 7–128.Google Scholar
  31. Sanchez, A. & K. A. Kron. 2008. Phylogenetics of Polygonaceae with an emphasis on the evolution of Eriogonoideae. Systematic Botany 33: 87–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. ——— & ———. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships of Afrobrunnichia Hutch. & Dalziel (Polygonaceae) based on three chloroplast genes and ITS. Taxon 58: 781–792.Google Scholar
  33. ———, T. M. Schuster & K. A. Kron. 2009. A large-scale phylogeny of Polygonaceae based on molecular data. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170: 1044–1055.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. ———, T. M. Schuster, J. M. Burke & K. A. Kron. 2011. Taxonomy of Polygonoideae (Polygonaceae): a new tribal classification. Taxon 60: 151–160.Google Scholar
  35. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Polygonaceae. Fieldiana, Botany: 24(4): 104–137.Google Scholar
  36. Stokes, S. G. & G. L. Stebbins. 1955. Chromosome numbers in the genus Eriogonum. Leaflets of Western Botany 7: 228–233.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant BiologyCornell UniversityIthacaU.S.A.
  2. 2.Department of BiologyWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations