Kew Bulletin

, Volume 67, Issue 2, pp 127–190 | Cite as

A monograph of the genus Orania (Arecaceae: Oranieae)

Article

Summary

Orania Zipp. (Oranieae: Arecoideae: Arecaceae) is a genus of solitary, single stemmed tree palms consisting of 28 species, of which 11 species are new and described for the first time in this paper. The genus has an interesting disjunct distribution, with 25 species found in Malesia and three species confined to Madagascar. The 11 new species, O. bakeri A. P. Keim & J. Dransf., O. dafonsoroensis A. P. Keim & J. Dransf., O. deflexa A. P. Keim & J. Dransf., O. ferruginea A. P. Keim & J. Dransf., O. grandiflora A. P. Keim & J. Dransf., O. littoralis A. P. Keim & J. Dransf., O. longistaminodia A. P. Keim & J. Dransf., O. subdisticha A. P. Keim & J. Dransf., O. tabubilensis A. P. Keim & J. Dransf., O. timikae A. P. Keim & J. Dransf. and O. zonae A. P. Keim & J. Dransf. are found in New Guinea. A determination key is produced and detailed descriptions provided for all taxa.

Key Words

Arecoideae Madagascar Malesia New Guinea palm Palmae 

References

  1. Anonymous (1892). ‘S lands plantentuin te Buitenzorg 18 Mei 1817 – 18 Mei 1892. Landsdrukkerij, Batavia (Jakarta).Google Scholar
  2. Backer, C. A. (1936). Verklarend Woordenboek van Wetenschappelijke Plantennamen. P. Noordhoff NV, Batavia (Jakarta).Google Scholar
  3. ____ & Bakhuizen van den Brink Jr., R. C. (1968). Flora of Java: Spermatophytes. Vol. 3. Wolters-Noordhoff, Groningen.Google Scholar
  4. Bailey, F. M. (1891). Contributions to Queensland flora. Dept. Agric. Bot. Bull. 4 (13): 7 – 39Google Scholar
  5. ____ (1909). Contributions to the flora of Queensland. Queensland Agric. J. 23: 35.Google Scholar
  6. Baker, W. J., Coode, M. J. E., Dransfield, J., Dransfield, S., Harley, M. M., Hoffmann, P. & Johns, R. J. (1998). Patterns of distribution of Malesian vascular plants. In: R. Hall & J. D. Holloway (eds), Biogeography and Geological Evolution of South East Asia, pp. 243 – 258. Backhuys Publication, Leiden.Google Scholar
  7. ____, Keim, A. P. & Heatubun, C. D. (2000). Orania regalis rediscovered. Palms 44: 166 – 169.Google Scholar
  8. Beccari, O. (1877). Le specie di palme raccolte alla Nuova Guinea da O. Beccari e dal medesimo adesso descritte, con note sulle specie dei paesi circonvicini. Malesia 1: 9 – 102.Google Scholar
  9. ____ (1885). Relique schefferianae: Illustrazione di alcune palme viventi nel giardino botanico di Buitenzorg. Ann. Bot. Gard. Buitenzorg 2: 156 – 165.Google Scholar
  10. ____ (1903). Palmae of the Philippine Islands. In: J. R. Perkins (1904). Fragm. Fl. Philipp., d.c. Fasc. 18.Google Scholar
  11. ____ (1905). Palme nuove papuane. Webbia 1: 335 – 337.Google Scholar
  12. ____ (1909). Notes on Philippine palms, II. Philipp. J. Sci. (Bot.) 4: 614 – 615.Google Scholar
  13. ____ (1915). Neue Palmen Papuasiens. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 52: 36 – 37.Google Scholar
  14. ____ (1919a). Palms of the Philippines islands. Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 8: 3017 – 3019.Google Scholar
  15. ____ (1919b). The palms of the Philippines islands. Philipp. J. Sci. (Bot.) 14: 331 – 334.Google Scholar
  16. ____ & Pichi-Sermolli, R. E. G. (1955). Subfamiliae arecoidearum palmae gerontogeae: Tribuum et generum conspectus. Webbia 11: 1 – 187.Google Scholar
  17. Blanco, M. (1837). Flora de Filipinas: Segun el sistema sexual de Linneo. Sto. Thomas por D. Candido Lopez, Manila.Google Scholar
  18. ____ (1845). Flora de Filipinas. 2nd ed. Sto. Thomas for D. Candido Lopez, Manila.Google Scholar
  19. Blume, C. L. (1823). Catalogus van Eenige der Merkwaardigste Zoo ui-als uit-heenssche Gewassen, te Vinden in ‘s Lands Plantentuin te Buitenzorg. Hortus Botanicus Bogoriense, Buitenzorg (Bogor).Google Scholar
  20. ____ (1829). Uittreksel uit eenen Brief van den Heer Zippelius, Natuuronderzoeker in dienst der Nederlander, aan en medegedeeld door Doct. C.L. Blume, Ridder der Orde van den Nederlandschen Leeuw, Hoogleeraar en Directeur van ‘s Rijks Herbarium te Brussel. Algemeen Konst – en Letter-Bode 1: 297.Google Scholar
  21. ____ (1836). Rumphia: Commentationes Botanicae Imprimis de Plantis Indiae Orientalis. Tabulae 2: Rheedii, Rumphii, Roxburghii, Wallichii. Lugduni-Batavorum (Leiden).Google Scholar
  22. Boldingh, I. (1914). Catalogus Herbarii Plantarum in Horto Bogoriensi cultarum: Typus 6. Kolf & Co., Batavia (Jakarta).Google Scholar
  23. Burkill, I. H. (1935). A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. Governments of the Straits Settlements & Federated Malay States, London.Google Scholar
  24. Burret, M. (1935). Palmae neogeae viii. Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 321.Google Scholar
  25. ____ (1936). Neue Palmen aus Neuguinea iii. Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 13: 68.Google Scholar
  26. ____ (1939). Palmae gesammelt in Neu Guinea. J. Arnold Arbor. 20: 198 – 199.Google Scholar
  27. ____ (1940). Neue Palmen aus Neuguinea vi: Gesammelt von Frau M. S. Clemens. Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 15: 8.Google Scholar
  28. Dakkus, P. M. W. (1930). An Alphabetical List of Plants Cultivated in the Botanic Garden, Buitenzorg. Archief Drukkerij, Buitenzorg (Bogor).Google Scholar
  29. Domin, K. (1915). Beiträge zur Flora und Pflanzengeographie Australien. Biblioth. Bot. 85: 498.Google Scholar
  30. Dransfield, J. (1972). Report of Field trip to South Sumatra, March 1972. Herbarium Bogoriense, Bogor (Unpublished).Google Scholar
  31. ____ (1974). Notes on the palm flora of Central Sumatra. Reinwardtia 8: 519 – 531.Google Scholar
  32. ____ (1984). The palm flora of Gunung Mulu National Park. In: A. C. Jermy (ed.), Studies on the Flora of Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak, pp. 41 – 75. Forest Department, Kuching.Google Scholar
  33. ____ (1999). Species and species concepts in Old World palms. In: A. Henderson & F. Borchsenius (eds), Evolution, Variation and Classification of Palms. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83: 5 – 20.Google Scholar
  34. ____ & Beentje, H. (1995). The Palms of Madagascar. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew & International Palm Society. Kew.Google Scholar
  35. ____ & ____ (1996). Lexicon Palmarum: A Compendium of Botanical Terms in Five Languages. Champflour, Marly-le-Roi & Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Google Scholar
  36. ____ & Uhl, N. W. (1984). Halmoorea, a new genus from Madagascar, with notes on Sindroa and Orania. Principes 28: 163 – 167.Google Scholar
  37. ____, Irvine, A. K. & Uhl, N. W. (1985). Oraniopsis appendiculata, a previously misunderstood Queensland palm. Principes 29: 56 – 63.Google Scholar
  38. ____, Uhl, N. W., Asmussen, C. B., Baker, W. J., Harley, M. M. & Lewis, C. E. (2005). A new phylogenetic classification of the palm family, Arecaceae. Kew Bull. 60: 559 – 569.Google Scholar
  39. ____, ____, ____, ____, ____ & ____ (2008). Genera Palmarum: the Evolution and Classification of Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Google Scholar
  40. Drude, O. (1887). Palmae. In A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien Vol. 2. Ser. 3, pp. 1 – 93, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  41. Eichhorn, A. (1957). Nouvelle contribution à l’étude caryoligique des palmiers. Rev. Cytol. Biol. Veg. 18: 139 – 151.Google Scholar
  42. Essig, F. B. (1980). The genus Orania Zipp. (Arecaceae) in New Guinea. Lyonia 1: 211 – 232.Google Scholar
  43. Fairchild, D. F. (1943). Garden Islands of the Great East. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  44. Ferrero, M. D. (1997). A checklist of Palmae for New Guinea. Palms & Cycads 55 & 56 (April – September): 31 – 35.Google Scholar
  45. Griffith, W. (1845). The palms of British East India. Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 5: 445 – 491.Google Scholar
  46. Hasskarl, J. C. (1844). Tweede Catalogus den in ‘S Lands Plantentuin te Buitenzorg Gekweekte Gewassen. Ter Lands-Drukkerij, Batavia (Jakarta).Google Scholar
  47. Henderson, A. (1990). Arecaceae. Part I: Introduction and Iriarteinae. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 53: 1 – 100.Google Scholar
  48. Jumelle, H. (1933). Nouveaux palmiers de Madagascar. Ann. Inst. Bot.-Geol. Colon Marseille, sér. 5, 1: 11.Google Scholar
  49. Kurz, S. (1875). Descriptions of new plants from Nicobar islands. J. Bot. 13: 331 – 333.Google Scholar
  50. Lauterbach, K. & Schumann, K. (1901). Flora der Deutschen Schützgebiete in der Südsee. Verlag von Gebrüder Borntraeger, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  51. Maa, T. C. (1982). On the zoogeography of New Guinean Diptera pupipara. In: J. L. Gressitt (ed.), Biogeography and Ecology of New Guinea. Vol. 2. Monogr. Biol. 42: 699 – 755.Google Scholar
  52. Martius, C. F. P. von (1849). Historia Naturalis Palmarum. Vol. 3. T. O. Weigel, Lipsiae.Google Scholar
  53. McNeill, J., Barrie, F. R., Burdet, H. M., Demoulin, V., Hawksworth, D. L., Marhold, K., Nicolson, D. H., Prado, J., Silva, P. C., Skog, J. E., Wiersema, J. H. & Turland, N. J. (2006). 17th International Botanical Congress, Vienna July 2005: International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna code). Regnum Veg. (Electronic version).Google Scholar
  54. Merrill, E. D. (1905). A review of the identification of the species described in Blanco’s Flora de Filipinas. Government Laboratory Publication (Philippines) 27: 1 – 132.Google Scholar
  55. ____ (1918). Species Blancoanae: A critical revision of the Philippine species of plants described by Blanco and Llanos. Bur. Sci. Publ. 12: 1 – 423.Google Scholar
  56. ____ (1925). An Enumeration of Philippine Flowering Plants. Vol. 1. Philippine Bureau of Science, Manila.Google Scholar
  57. Miquel, F. A. G. (1859). Flora van Nederlandsch Indië. Vol. 3. C. G. van der Post, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  58. ____ (1868). De Palmis Archipelagi Indici: Observationes Novae. C. G. van der Post, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  59. Mogea, J. P. (1991). Palm utilization and conservation in Indonesia. In: D. Johnson (ed.), Palms for Human Needs in Asia: Palm Utilization and Conservation in India, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines. WWF Project 3325, pp. 37 – 74. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.Google Scholar
  60. Moore, H. E. (1960). A new subfamily of palms: The Caryotoideae. Principes 4: 114.Google Scholar
  61. ____ (1962). Orania sylvicola (Griff.) H. E. Moore: The correct name for Orania macrocladus Martius. Principes 6: 44.Google Scholar
  62. ____ (1965). Palm hunting around the world: III. Sabah and Australia. Principes 9: 138 – 152.Google Scholar
  63. Musser, G. G. (1987). The mammals of Sulawesi. In: T. C. Whitmore (ed.), Biogeographical Evolution of the Malay Archipelago, pp. 73 – 93. Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  64. Nasution, R. E., Jusuf, R., Siregar, M., Mansur, M., Suwito, A. & Kurniati, H. (1995). Laporan Perjalanan: Eksplorasi Flora dan Fauna di Cagar Alam Pegunungan Cyclops Irian Jaya. Pusat Penelitian & Pengembangan Biologi-Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Bogor.Google Scholar
  65. Naves, A. P. (1883). Ordines plantarum: Monocotyledonearum et Acotyledonearum. In: A. P. Naves & C. Fernandez-Villar (eds), Novissima appendix ad floram Philippinarum R.P. Fr. Emmanuellis Blanco: Enumeratio contracta plantarum philippinensium, pp. 279 – 280. Sto. Candido Lopez, Manila.Google Scholar
  66. Powell, J. M. (1976). Ethnobotany. In: K. Paijmans (ed.), New Guinea Vegetation, pp. 152 – 155. Elsevier Scientific, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  67. Ridley, H. N. (1900). The flora of Singapore. J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiatic Soc. 33: 27 – 198.Google Scholar
  68. Schultze-Westrum, T. (1978). Nature conservation in Irian Jaya. WWF Programme, Munich.Google Scholar
  69. Sowunmi, M. A. (1972). Pollen morphology of the Palmae and its bearing on taxonomy. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 13: 1 – 80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Teijsmann, J. E. & Binnendijk, S. (1866). Catalogus Plantarum Quae in Horto Botanico Bogoriensi Coluntur: Catalogus Van ‘S Lands Plantentuin te Buitenzorg. Ter Lands-Drukkerij, Batavia (Jakarta).Google Scholar
  71. Thanikaimoni, G. (1970). Pollen morphology, classification and phylogeny of Palmae. Adansonia 10: 347 – 365.Google Scholar
  72. Uhl, N. W. & Dransfield, J. (1987). Genera Palmarum: A classification of palms based on the work of Harold E. Moore Jr. L. H. Bailey Hortorium & the International Palm Society, Lawrence.Google Scholar
  73. ____, ____, Davis, J. I., Luckow, M. A., Hansen, K. S. & Doyle, J. J. (1995). Phylogenetic relationships among palms: Cladistic analyses of morphological and chloroplast DNA restriction site variation. In: P. J. Rudall, P. J. Cribb, D. F. Cutler & C. J. Humphries (eds), Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution, pp. 623 – 661. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Google Scholar
  74. ____ & ____ (1999). Genera Palmarum after ten years. In: A. Henderson & F. Borchsenius (eds), Evolution, Variation and Classification of Palms. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 83: 245 – 253.Google Scholar
  75. Van Balgooy, M. M. J. (1996). Vegetation sketch of the Aru islands. In: H. P. Nooteboom (ed.), The Aru archipelago: Plants, Animals, People and Conservation, pp. 1 – 13. Nederlandsche Commissie voor International Natuurbescherning Mededelingen 30.Google Scholar
  76. Van der Pijl, L. (1969). Principles of Dispersal in Higher plants. Springer-Verlag, New York.Google Scholar
  77. Van Steenis, C. G. G. J. (1950). Flora Malesiana. Vol. 1. Ser. 1: Spermatophyta. Noordhoff-Kolff, Jakarta.Google Scholar
  78. Watson, W. (1887). Orania nivea. Gard. Chron. 2: 157.Google Scholar
  79. Ziegler, A. C. (1982). An ecological checklist of New Guinea recent animals. In: J. L. Gressitt (ed.), Biogeography and ecology of New Guinea. Vol. 2. Monogr. Biol. 42: 863 – 894.Google Scholar
  80. Zippelius, C. (1828a). In: C. L. Blume (ed.), (publ. 1829). Algemeen Konst-en Letter-Bode 1: 294 – 298.Google Scholar
  81. ____ (1828b). In: I. F. Tausch (ed.), 1829. Flora oder Botanische Zeitung Regensburg (Flora) 12: 284 – 285.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Herbarium Bogoriense, Indonesian Institute of SciencesCibinong-BogorIndonesia
  2. 2.HerbariumRoyal Botanic Gardens KewRichmondUK

Personalised recommendations