Dioscorea orangeana (Dioscoreaceae), a new and threatened species of edible yam from northern Madagascar
- 118 Downloads
A new species of yam (Dioscorea orangeana Wilkin) is described and illustrated. It differs from D. comorensis R.Knuth by having undulate leaf margins and a broader torus and tepals in both the male and female flowers. In female flowers of D. orangeana the floral stipe between the ovary and the torus is shorter than in D. comorensis. The tuber morphology of the species is atypical among Malagasy species in that there are several digitate lobes rather than a single tuber per growing season, although more research is needed on tuber morphology. D. orangeana is reported to be edible. It is endemic to the Forêt d’Orangea near Diego Suarez (Antsiranana) in Antsiranana Préfecture. Its conservation and sustainable use are thus matters of concern.
Keywordsconservation Dioscorea Dioscoreaceae edible Madagascar new species yams
- ____ & Perrier, H. (1950). Dioscoréacées. In: H. Humbert (ed.), Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris.Google Scholar
- IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories: Version 3.1. Prepared by the IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
- ____, Hladik, A., Labat, J.-N. & Barthelat, F. (2007). A new edible yam (Dioscorea L.) species endemic to Mayotte, new data on D. comorensis R. Knuth and a key to the yams of the Comoro Archipelago. Adansonia, sér. 3, 29 (2): 215 – 228.Google Scholar