Folia Geobotanica

, Volume 52, Issue 3–4, pp 269–281 | Cite as

Clonal vs leaf-height-seed (LHS) traits: which are filtered more strongly across habitats?

  • Anna E.-Vojtkó
  • Martin Freitag
  • Alessandro Bricca
  • Felipe Martello
  • Joaquín Moreno Compañ
  • Martin Küttim
  • Róbert Kun
  • Francesco de Bello
  • Jitka Klimešová
  • Lars GötzenbergerEmail author


Plant functional traits are now frequently used instead of species identity to identify how plant species co-exist in assemblages. One notion is that species inhabiting the same environment have more characteristics in common than species from different habitats, leading to different prevailing dominant traits along environmental gradients, and also to a lesser diversity of traits in habitats that impose a stronger filter on these traits. Though such patterns have been demonstrated for different environmental drivers and different traits, studies using easily available traits connected to above ground processes (i.e. traits of the leaf-height-seed, or LHS, strategy scheme) are largely overrepresented in these analyses. Here we combined data on clonal and bud bank traits, representing the ability to reproduce and spread vegetatively, with LHS trait data and examined how these traits varied in relation to the vegetational composition of 29 Central-European habitat types. Our analysis focused on determining whether clonal/bud bank or LHS traits play an important role for environmental filtering along gradients approximated by Ellenberg indicator values (EIV) across these habitats. Our results show that clonal and bud bank traits are at least as – if not more – important for the differentiation of the 29 habitat types. Overall, diversity and dominance of clonal and bud bank traits was more strongly correlated with gradients of light availability, temperature, moisture, soil reaction, and nutrient availability across these habitats than it was the case for traits of the leaf-height-seed scheme. Our results call for a stronger integration of belowground traits into the functional traits approach in plant ecology and for an extension of efforts to collect such data.


community-weighted mean Czech Republic Ellenberg indicator values environmental filtering functional diversity plant strategy 



The authors thank Jan Lepš, Carlos P. Carmona and two reviewers for their helpful comments on the manuscript. This research was supported by the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic (GACR16-15012S).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna E.-Vojtkó
    • 1
    • 2
  • Martin Freitag
    • 3
  • Alessandro Bricca
    • 4
  • Felipe Martello
    • 5
  • Joaquín Moreno Compañ
    • 6
  • Martin Küttim
    • 7
  • Róbert Kun
    • 8
  • Francesco de Bello
    • 2
    • 9
  • Jitka Klimešová
    • 9
  • Lars Götzenberger
    • 9
    Email author
  1. 1.MTA Centre for Ecological Research, Danube Research Institute, Department of Tisza ResearchDebrecenHungary
  2. 2.Department of Botany, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of South BohemiaČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  3. 3.Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research Group, Institute of Landscape EcologyUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany
  4. 4.Department of ScienceUniversity of Roma TreRomeItaly
  5. 5.Department of Environmental SciencesFederal University of Sao CarlosSao Carlos - SPBrazil
  6. 6.Department of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resources & Institute of Biodiversity CIBIOUniversity of AlicanteAlicanteSpain
  7. 7.Institute of Ecology, School of Natural Sciences and HealthTallinn UniversityTallinnEstonia
  8. 8.Department of Nature Conservation and Landscape Ecology, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental SciencesSzent István UniversityGödöllőHungary
  9. 9.Institute of BotanyCzech Academy of SciencesTřeboňCzech Republic

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