Folia Microbiologica

, Volume 58, Issue 5, pp 419–428 | Cite as

Hard ticks and their bacterial endosymbionts (or would be pathogens)

  • Arunee AhantarigEmail author
  • Wachareeporn Trinachartvanit
  • Visut Baimai
  • Libor Grubhoffer


The symbiotic microorganisms of arthropod vectors are highly significant from several points of view, partly due to their possible roles in the transmission of pathogenic causative agents by blood-sucking vectors. Although ticks are well studied because of their significance to human health, novel microbial associations remain to be described. This review summarises several endosymbiotic bacterial species in hard ticks from various parts of the world, including Coxiella-, Francisella-, Rickettsia- and Arsenophonus-like symbionts as well as Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii and Wolbachia. New methodologies for the isolation and characterization of tick-associated bacteria will, in turn, encourage new strategies of tick control by studying their endosymbionts.


Tick Species Bacterial Symbiont Spotted Fever Tularemia Tick Control 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by Mahidol University Research grant SCJV1099000737 and the Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Thailand research grant, SCM55-004. The authors thank Professor Sansanee Chaiyaroj from the Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand for her advice and support in the research areas of ticks and tick-borne diseases.


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Copyright information

© Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arunee Ahantarig
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Wachareeporn Trinachartvanit
    • 1
  • Visut Baimai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Libor Grubhoffer
    • 3
  1. 1.Biodiversity Research Cluster, Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceMahidol UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Center of Excellence for Vectors and Vector-Borne Diseases, Faculty of ScienceMahidol University at SalayaNakhon PathomThailand
  3. 3.Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic & Faculty of ScienceUniversity of South BohemiaČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic

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