Azo Acid Dyes Based on 2H-Pyrido[1,2-a]Pyrimidine-2,4(3H)-Dione with Good Tinctorial Power and Wetfastness - Synthesis, Photophysical Properties, and Dyeing Studies

Abstract

A series of five azo acid dyes were synthesized using different diazotized aromatic amine sulfonic and carboxylic acids followed by coupling with 2H-pyrido[1,2-a]pyrimidine-2,4(3H)-dione. The dyes were characterized by 1H-NMR, 13CNMR, FTIR, and elemental analysis. They were applied on nylon, silk, and wool. Their fastness properties were evaluated and color on the fabric was assessed. Yellow, brown, and crimson dyeings with good fastness properties were obtained. The dyes are water soluble and showed absorption from 380 nm to 550 nm. Acid dyes from diazo component 4- aminonaphthalene-1-sulfonic acid (naphthionic acid) and 4-amino-5-hydroxynaphthalene-2,7-disulfonic acid (H-Acid) were found to be more red shifted as compared to the other dyes. More red shifted absorption maximum was observed in acidic pH than in alkaline pH. The trends in vertical excitations obtained from Time Dependent Density Functional Theory calculations are in good agreement with the experimental absorptions.

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Gawale, Y., Jadhav, A. & Sekar, N. Azo Acid Dyes Based on 2H-Pyrido[1,2-a]Pyrimidine-2,4(3H)-Dione with Good Tinctorial Power and Wetfastness - Synthesis, Photophysical Properties, and Dyeing Studies. Fibers Polym 19, 1678–1686 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12221-018-7522-7

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Keywords

  • Acid azo dyes
  • Dyeing
  • Fastness properties
  • Color assessment
  • Electrophilicity index
  • TD-DFT