Fabrication and characterization of porous cellulose acetate films by breath figure incorporated with capric acid as form-stable phase change materials for storing/retrieving thermal energy
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Porous cellulose acetate (CA) films by breath figure (BF) incorporated with capric acid as form-stable phase change materials (PCMs) were fabricated and characterized for storing and retrieving thermal energy. Effects of different solvents, CA concentration and film thickness on morphology, microstructure and thermal energy storage property of formstable PCMs were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analyzer and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), respectively. The results indicated that the prepared CA films were porous with DMF, acetone, and dichloromethane (DCM) as the solvents, and capric acid absorption capacity was as high as 86.9, 75.0 and 82.2 % with the specific surface area of 4.8, 2.8 and 1.8 m2/g. Moreover, porous CA film with 5 % CA concentration and 0.5 mm thickness prepared by using DMF as solvent had larger specific surface area and higher thermal energy storage properties. The fabricated form-stable PCMs could well maintain their PCM characteristics and demonstrated great temperature regulation ability and had potential applications in building energy conservation.
KeywordsPorous cellulose acetate (CA) film Breath figure Capric acid Form-stable phase change materials (PCMs) Thermal energy storage
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