Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 767–772 | Cite as

An investigation of color fading of sulfur-dyed cotton fabric by plasma treatment



Popularity of clothing with different kinds of faded color effects has been growing in recent years, leading to development of several technologies and techniques for imparting the vintage and old-fashion look. However, most color fading technologies and processes involve use of significant quantities of chemicals and water, raising concerns about environmental pollution, and other related problems. It is quite difficult to control the color fading effect on textile products. Plasma treatment has been used for color fading of cotton apparel quite successfully in the last few years. Air is used as the color fading agent and therefore no chemical effluents are generated. This study examines color fading of sulfur dyed cotton fabrics with plasma treatment. Cotton fabrics (yellow color) dyed with sulfur dyes were plasma treated under varying conditions and the resultant color fading effect was evaluated instrumentally. The color fading effect was found to be quite controllable if the treatment parameters were properly selected. Besides, evenness of the end product was excellent.


Color fading Sulfur dye Cotton Plasma 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    M. Ghoranneviss, B. Moazzenchi, S. Shahidi, A. Anvari, and A. Rashidi, Plasma Process Polym., 3, 316 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Card, M. A. Moore, and M. Ankeny, AATCC Rev., 5, 23 (2005).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Sariisik, AATCC Rev., 4, 24 (2004).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    N. Özdil, E. Özdogan, and T. Öktem, Fibre Text. East. Eur., 11, 58 (2003).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. W. Kan and W. Y. Wong, Text. Res. J., 81, 875 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. W. Kan and C. W. M. Yuen, Color. Technol., 128, 356 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. W. Kan, H. F. Cheung, and Q. Chan, J. Clean. Prod., 112, 3514 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Hasanbeigi and L. Price, J. Clean. Prod., 95, 30 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. Chen, L. Jia, R. Liu, X. Chen, C. Jin, H. Liu, C. Feng, C. Zhang, and Y. Qiu, Fiber. Polym., 17, 1181 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. Sahan, A. Demir, and Y. Gökçe, Fiber. Polym., 17, 1007 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Vasiljevic, M. Gorjanc, I. Jerman, B. Tomšic, M. Modic, M. Mozetic, B. Orel, and B. Simoncic, Fiber. Polym., 17, 695 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Vinisha Rani, N. Hari Prakash, I. Solomon, B. Sarma, and A. Sarma, Fiber. Polym., 17, 52 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    N. V. Bhat, A. N. Netravali, A. V. Gore, M. P. Sathianarayanan, G. A. Arolkar, and R. R. Deshmukh, Text. Res. J., 81, 1041 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Inbakumar, R. Morent, N. De Geyter, T. Desmet, A. Anukaliani, P. Dubruel, and C. Leys, Cellulose, 17, 417 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. W. Kan, C. F. Lam, C. K. Chan, and S. P. Ng, Carbohydr. Polym., 102, 167 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. B. Zhang, Z. Zheng, Y. N. Zhang, J. W. Feng, and J. H. Li, J. Hazard. Mater., 154, 506 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. H. Eren and D. Ozturk, Text. Res. J., 81, 512 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    H. H. Piccoli, A. A. U. de Souza, and S. M. A. G. U. de Souza, Ozone: Sci. Eng., 37, 170 (2015).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. Khan, N. Ahmad, A. Yasar, and R. Shahid, Polish J. Environ. Stud., 19, 83 (2010).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. Parvinzadeh Gashti, I. Ebrahimi, and M. Pousti, Curr. Appl. Phys., 15, 1075 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Parvinzadeh Gashti, D. Hegemann, M. Stir, and J. Hulliger, Plasma Process. Polym., 11, 37 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    I. Ebrahimi, A. Kiumarsi, M. Parvinzadeh Gashti, R. Rashidian, and M. Hossein Norouzi, Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys., 56, 10801 (2011).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. Parvinzadeh Gashti, A. Pournaserani, H. Ehsani, and M. Parvinzadeh Gashti, Vacuum, 91, 7 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. Parvinzadeh and I. Ebrahimi, Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids, 166, 408 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. Parvinzadeh, J. Surfactants Deterg., 10, 219 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    H. F. Cheung, Y. S. Lee, C. W. Kan, C. W. M. Yuen, and J. Yip, Adv. Mater. Res., 811, 3 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    H. F. Cheung, Y. S. Lee, C. W. Kan, C. W. M. Yuen, and J. Yip, Appl. Mech. Mater., 378, 131 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. N. Chakraborty in “Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing, Volume 1: Principles, Process and Types of Dyes”, 1st ed. (M. Clark Ed.), pp.466–485, Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge, 2011.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. Sanchez in “Denim: Manufacture, Finishing and Applications”, 1st ed. (R. Paul Ed.), pp.107–157, Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge, 2015.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    C. W. Kan and C. H. Au, PLoS ONE, 10, e0133416 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    C. W. Kan, Text. Asia, 46, 18 (2015).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    C. W. Kan, Fiber. Polym., 15, 426 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    C. L Chong, S. Q. Li, and K. W. Yeung, J. Soc. Dyers Colour., 108, 528 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    C. W. Kan, K. Chan, C. W. M. Yuen, and M. H. Miao, Text. Res. J., 68, 814 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    E. L. Y. Yam, C. W. Kan, J. K. C. Lam, S. P. Ng, H. Hu, and C. W. M. Yuen, J. Text. Eng., 59, 83 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    H. K. S. Chong, C. W. Kan, J. K. C. Lam, S. P. Ng, H. Hu, and C. W. M. Yuen, J. Text. Eng., 59, 71 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    C. W. Kan, J. Text. Inst., 106, 978 (2015).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    G. A. V. Leaf, “Practical Statistics for the Textile Industry: Part II”, p.78, The Textile Institute, U.K., 1987.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    J. C. Miller and J. N. Miller, “Statistical for Anaytical Chemistry”, p.222, Ellis Horwood Ltd., U.K., 1993.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Textiles and ClothingThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHung Hom, KowloonHong Kong

Personalised recommendations