The application of post treatments in preparation of high flux membranes is expanding rapidly. In this work, several hybrid post treatments have been introduced and used for change in the water flux of polysulfone (PSf) hollow fiber membranes. Dry wet spinning method was employed for fabrication of PSf hollow fiber membrane from spinning dope in mass ratio of 15:5:80 of PSf/PVP-K90/NMP. The simultaneous effects of single and hybrid post treatments containing traditional hypochlorite; high pressure injection technique (HPI) of hypochlorite, hot air and hot water treatments on the morphology and water flux of fabricated hollow fibers has been investigated. AFM analysis and image processing of SEM microphotographs of hollow fibers were used for structural studies. The mechanical properties of hollow fibers as well as strain at break and strength also were studied. It was found that the pores size and surface roughness parameter of hollow fiber membranes have been increased after traditional hypochlorite, HPI technique and hot water treatments while decreased when heat treated in air. In general all the employed hybrid post treatments caused to increase in the pores size of hollow fibers although the pores size increase rate in the membranes treated by the hybrid post treatments involving hot air was much lower than the others. The mechanical properties of hollow fibers have been decreased after hybrid and single post treatments containing traditional hypochlorite, HPI technique and hot water treatment while slightly increased after post treatments containing hot air. It was stated that the fabricated PSf hollow fibers were considerably affected by the employed hybrid post treatments. This can be attributed to the combine effects of used post treatments.
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Saghafi, R. Effect of hybrid post treatments on the structural property and water flux of polysulfone hollow fiber membrane. Fibers Polym 18, 41–49 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12221-017-6810-y