A bio-antifelting agent based on waterborne polyurethane and keratin polypeptides extracted by protease from waste wool
A bio-composite made from keratin polypeptides and waterborne polyurethane was firstly employed as a bioantifelting agent for wool fabric. The keratin polypeptides, extracted from the waste wool fibers with the protease Esperase8.0L, possessed 5271 weight-average molecular weight. The bio-composites containing different contents of keratin polypeptides were applied for wool anti-felting treatment by a pad-dry-cure process. The results indicated that with increasing content of keratin polypeptides from 0 to 6 wt.%, the area-shrinking rate of the treated wool fabrics was decreased from 4.55 % to 0.47 %, respectively. The warp and weft tensile strength at break of the fabric was increased by 8 % and 12 %, respectively and reduced by about 55 % consumption of waterborne polyurethane. The film of bio-composites had more excellent thermal stability, higher mechanical property in elasticity, and better cytocompatibility compared with the pure waterborne polyurethane film.
KeywordsBio-composite Polyurethane Keratin polypeptides Anti-felting Elasticity
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