Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 682–688 | Cite as

Non-phosphorus catalysts for the ester cross-linking of cellulose with 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid

  • Xinhai Zhang
  • Bolin Ji
  • Kelu Yan
  • Tingli Hu


We studied eight carboxylates as potential catalysts for the cellulose cross-linking with 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (BTCA) and compared them with sodium hypophosphite (SHP). The results showed that the fabrics treated with sodium formate (SF) exhibited the highest wrinkle recovery angle (WRA) among the selected carboxylates, nearly equivalent to the WRA of the fabrics treated with SHP. We compared the radii and relative concentration ratios of different carboxylates anions, and found that SF had a particular amount of anions in the optimum pH range of the BTCA finishing bath, and had the smallest anion radius, both of which accounted for the higher WRA. The SF anions were present throughout the curing process. Based on the thermogravimetric analysis curves of SF and SHP, SF significantly decreased the temperature of the anhydride formation. In addition, the FTIR spectra displayed a stronger ester absorbance of the fabrics treated with BTCA/SF than those treated only with BTCA, which confirmed that SF accelerated the esterification between BTCA and cellulose.


Non-phosphorus Catalysts Textiles Applications Anti-wrinkle 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and BiotechnologyDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.National Engineering Research Center for Dyeing and Finishing of TextilesDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina

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