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Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 741–748 | Cite as

Optimization and extraction of extra and intracellular color from Penicillium minioluteum for application on protein fibers

Article

Abstract

Precedence of microbial colorants can be seen in almost all the industrial sectors viz. food, textile, paper, agriculture, pharmaceutical, and cosmetics. These colorants are gaining popularity due to their salient advantages over synthetic and natural dyes. This study deals with the optimization and extraction of such colorants from Penicillium minioluteum for the purpose of dyeing different protein fibers. Penicillium minioluteum was cultured under different growth conditions to optimize the extracellular color production. The extracellular colorant grown under optimized fermentation conditions (medium-sabouraud; pH-5.6; temperature-15 °C; time-20 days; incubation-static) in 3000 ml haffkine flask showed maximum color or highest optical density of 1.014 at λ max=490 nm. Later on, this colorant was extracted using nbutanol. The remaining mycelial mat obtained after filtration was extracted using different chemical and mechanical procedures to get the intracellular colorant. Highest O.D of 0.897 was recorded at λ max=490 nm when desiccated powdered mycelial mat was extracted with methanol. Dyed silk and leather with the extracellular colorant showed color strength (K/S) as 3.88 and 3.81, respectively, whereas silk and leather dyed with the intracellular colorant showed K/S as 0.56 and 0.55, respectively. The color strength of extracellular dyed samples was found to be three times higher as compared to the samples dyed with the intracellular aqueous colorant of the same optical density. After dyeing, two different shades were obtained viz. deep red with the extracellular colorant and beige with the intracellular colorant on mulberry silk and wet blue goat nappa skin leather. Fastness towards rubbing was found to be good for both the samples. Wash fastness was excellent on silk. Fastness towards light was poor for both silk and leather. Furthermore, the color yield of the extracellular colorant (0.62 %) was found to be approximately five times more than the color yield of the intracellular colorant (0.14 %).

Keywords

Penicillium minioluteum Color Extraction Protein fibers Dyeing 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Fabric and Apparel Science, Institute of Home EconomicsUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology, Institute of Home EconomicsUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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