Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 811–815 | Cite as

Synthesis of smart medical socks for diabetic foot ulcers patients



Smart medical socks was developed using facile method. The commercial socks were coated with polypyrrole layer using vapour phase polymerization. The TiO2 nanoparticles of an average size of 20 nm were dispersed during polypyrrole polymerization. The reaction times were varied and optimized. TiO2NPs dispersed on socks fiber surface were wrapped with polypyrrole chains. The ability of developed socks to absorb moisture was evaluated using thermogravimetric analysis. The antibacterial properties of the untreated and treated socks were studied. The developed socks inhibited the growth of bacterial achieving 20 mm clear inhibition zone compared to zero zone for blank ones. The structure of coated socks and morphology were characterized using FTIR and scanning electron microscope. This is in addition to the evaluation of the awareness of diabetic patients for wearing medical socks.


Medical socks Polypyrrole Antibacterial Nanoparticles Textile fibers 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    S. C. Wu, V. R. Driver, J. S.Wrobel, and D. G. Armstrong, Vascu. Heal. Risk Manag., 3, 65 (2007).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. S. Pinzur, M. P. Slovenkai, E. Trepman, and N. N. Shields, Foot Ank. Int., 26, 113 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Singh, D. G. Armstrong, and B. A. Lipsky, J. Am. Med. Assoc., 293, 217 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    K. Stock, A. Vanderplas, T. Skinder, and E. Chang, Diabet. Care, 27, 2129 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. G. Armstrong and B. A. Lipsky, Diabet. Technol. Therap., 6, 167 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    N. F. Attia, S. M. Lee, H. J. Kim, and K. E. Geckeler, Int. J. Energy Res., 38, 466 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. Geniès, A. Boyle, and M. Lapkowski, Synt. Met., 36, 139 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. F. Attia, S. M. Lee, H. J. Kim, and K. E. Geckeler, Polym. Int., 64, 696 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    N. F. Attia, A. A. Abissy, and M. A. Hassan, Polym. Adv. Technol., 26, 1551 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Radetic, J. Photoch. Photo. C: Photoch. Rev., 16, 62 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Th. I. Shaheen, M. E. El-Naggar, and A. M. Abdelgawad, Int. J. Biology Macro., 83, 426 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    AATCC Test Method (147), Antibacterial Activity Assessment of Textile Materials Parallel Streak Methods: Parallel Streak Method, 2004.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Q. Cheng, V. Pablinek, and C. Z. Li, Appl. Surf. Sci., 253, 1736 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Home Economics Department, Faculty of EducationKing Faisal UniversityAlhofuf, Al-AhsaSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Home Economics Department, Faculty of AgricultureAlexandria UniversityAlexandriaEgypt

Personalised recommendations