Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 706–712 | Cite as

Fabrication of superhydrophobic cellulose/chitosan composite aerogel for oil/water separation

  • Guihua Meng
  • Huili Peng
  • Jianning Wu
  • Yixi Wang
  • Hao Wang
  • Zhiyong Liu
  • Xuhong Guo


Superhydrophobic cellulose and chitosan composite aerogel (SCECS) is fabricated through a novel and simple approach for the first time. During the preparation of cellulose and chitosan composite aerogel (CECS), chitosan is selfassemble into number micron-diameter particles on the surface of aerogel, which is similar to the micromorphology of a lotus leaf. Based on the rough surface, CECS is modified by sodium stearate through electrostatic interaction and ion exchange. Water contact angles of 156° are obtained for superhydrophobic aerogel. SCECS can remove various oils from water and with absorption capacities of 10 g/g for oil. Furthermore, the special structure of a non-porous of surface and porous layer of internal is benefit to separate surfactant-stabilized water-in-oil emulsions under gravity.


Rough surface Cellulose and chitosan composite aerogel Superhydrophobic Oil-water separation 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Q. Ke, Y. Jin, P. Jiang, and J. Yu, Langmuir, 30, 13137 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Huang, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter., 6, 17144 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    X. Zhou, Z. Zhang, X. Xu, F. Guo, X. Zhu, X. Men, and B. Ge, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter., 5, 7208 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. T. Korhonen, M. Kettunen, R. H. A. Ras, and O. Ikkala, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter., 3, 1813 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Q. Zhu, Y. Chu, Z. Wang, N. Chen, L. Lin, F. Liu, and Q. Pan, J. Mater. Chem. A, 1, 5386 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Zhang, M. Chen, C. Du, H. Guo, H. Bai, and L. Li, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter., 5, 10201 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. Wu, Z. Yu, W. Wu, L. Fang, and H. Zhu, RSC Adv., 4, 53514 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Z.-Y. Wu, C. Li, H.-W. Liang, J.-F. Chen, and S.-H. Yu, Angewandte Chemie, 125, 2997 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y.-Q. Li, Y. A. Samad, K. Polychronopoulou, S. M. Alhassan, and K. Liao, ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng., 2, 1492 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. Wang, Y. Gong, and Y. Wang, RSC Adv., 4, 45753 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Lin, A. Li, T. Zheng, L. Lu, and Y. Cao, RSC Adv., 5, 82027 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. T. Nguyen, J. Feng, N. T. Le, A. T. T. Le, N. Hoang, V. B. C. Tan, and H. M. Duong, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 52, 18386 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    B. Duan, H. Gao, M. He, and L. Zhang, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter., 6, 19933 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. A. Gondal, M. S. Sadullah, M. A. Dastageer, G. H. McKinley, D. Panchanathan, and K. K. Varanasi, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter., 6, 13422 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Liu, L. Feng, J. Zhai, L. Jiang, and D. Zhu, Langmuir, 20, 5659 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    W. Liang and Z. Guo, Rsc Adv., 3, 16469 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S.-M. Kang, S. Hwang, S.-H. Jin, C.-H. Choi, J. Kim, B. J. Park, D. Lee, and C.-S. Lee, Langmuir, 30, 2828 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    B. Xiong, P. Zhao, K. Hu, L. Zhang, and G. Cheng, Cellulose, 21, 1183 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    E. Almeida, E. Frollini, A. Castellan, and V. Coma, Carbohydr. Polym., 80, 655 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    V. H. Pham and J. H. Dickerson, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter., 6, 14181 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    F. Lv, C. Wang, P. Zhu, and C. Zhang, Cellulose, 21, 4405 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Lin, L. Chen, L. Huang, S. Cao, X. Luo, and K. Liu, Ind. Crop. Prod., 70, 395 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. Tang, C. Chang, and L. Zhang, Chem. Eng. J., 173, 689 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. Wang, Y. He, H. Wang, L. Zhang, Q. Yu, S. Peng, X. Wu, T. Ren, Z. Zeng, and Q. Xue, Green Chem., 17, 3093 (2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guihua Meng
    • 1
  • Huili Peng
    • 1
  • Jianning Wu
    • 1
  • Yixi Wang
    • 1
  • Hao Wang
    • 1
  • Zhiyong Liu
    • 1
  • Xuhong Guo
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Green Processing of Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang Bingtuan/Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region/Engineering Research Center of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering of Xinjiang Bingtuan, School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringShihezi UniversityXinjiangPR China

Personalised recommendations