Study on dynamic needle thread tensions in a single needle lock stitch (SNLS) sewing machine. II. Effect of sewing speed, thickness of fabric plies, thread linear density and pre-tensions of threads
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This paper reports on the effect of pre-tensions on needle and bobbin threads, sewing speed, thickness of fabric plies and the linear density of the threads on the tension peaks occurring on needle thread during sewing on a single needle lock stitch machine. The needle thread tensions are measured at two locations: above the needle bar (bottom segment) and above the needle thread tensioner (top segment). A factorial design approach is used to study the four parameters. The role of bobbin tension is studied in a separate experiment, while keeping the pre-tension on the needle thread constant. The highest tension observed on the needle thread is the stitch tightening tension which is directly affected by the pre-tension set on the needle thread disc tensioner. Heavier threads develop lower tightening tension which may affect the seam balance. The thickness of fabric plies does not affect the needle thread tension. Sewing speed has marginal influence on the stitch tightening tension near the needle thread tensioner. The pre-tension on the bobbin thread affects only the needle thread tension when the take up lever pulls up the needle thread loop to release it from the rotary shuttle hook gib.
KeywordsThread tex Stitch tightening Bobbin thread Sewing speed Tension peak Pre-tension
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