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Study on dynamic needle thread tensions in a single needle lock stitch (SNLS) sewing machine. I. Effect of stitch length, check spring tension, fabric feed timing and needle thread in-take length

Abstract

This paper, the first of a two-part series, aims to find the effect of stitch length, check spring tension, fabric feed timing and needle thread in-take length on tension peaks occurring on a spun polyester needle thread during a sewing cycle of a SNLS sewing machine. The pre-tensions on the bobbin and needle threads and sewing speed were kept constant. A PC interfaced measuring instrument was fabricated to measure dynamic sewing tension on needle thread above the needle bar. Four prominent tension peaks were detected. Longer stitch length causes higher tension peaks; and shorter length stitch requires higher pre-tension to obtain a balanced stitch. The check spring tension has no effect on tightening tension. Incorrect timing of feed dog can cause very high tightening tension. The change in the position of thread length guide alters the friction of needle thread at critical guides which determines the length of thread to be released through tensioner; release of longer length of thread results in lower tension peaks (1, 2 and 4) and vice versa.

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Correspondence to R. S. Rengasamy.

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Rengasamy, R.S., Wesley, D.S. Study on dynamic needle thread tensions in a single needle lock stitch (SNLS) sewing machine. I. Effect of stitch length, check spring tension, fabric feed timing and needle thread in-take length. Fibers Polym 15, 1766–1772 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12221-014-1766-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12221-014-1766-7

Keywords

  • Shuttle hook
  • Take-up lever
  • Tensioner
  • Tension peak
  • Thread length guide
  • Stitch length
  • Pucker