Effects of athletic T-shirt designs on thermal comfort


This paper reports on an experimental investigation of the effects of T-shirts design on clothing thermal comfort measured in terms of clothing thermal insulation and moisture vapour resistance. Ten short sleeved T-shirts of varying opening styles and mesh styles were designed and produced for testing on the sweating fabric manikin-Walter. Clothing thermal insulation and moisture vapour resistance of the T-shirts were measured when the manikin simulates walking motion and standing posture. The results showed that, the positions of openings and ventilation panels affects the total thermal insulation and vapour resistance; among the various designs tested, openings applied at two vertical side panels along the side seams can most effectively release heat and moisture from the body.

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Correspondence to Jintu Fan.

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Ho, C., Fan, J., Newton, E. et al. Effects of athletic T-shirt designs on thermal comfort. Fibers Polym 9, 503–508 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12221-008-0080-7

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  • Clothing design
  • Functional wear
  • T-shirt
  • Thermal comfort
  • Ventilation