In this paper, a purpose-built apparatus was used to analyze the moisture liberation of textile fabrics. Fabrics were wetted and placed in an air-conditioned room to test the variation of weight and surface temperature during the process of moisture liberation. Effects of textile materials and fabric structures on the velocities of moisture liberation of fabrics were analyzed; the temperature variation and its relationship with moisture regains of fabrics in the moisture liberation were also studied. Moisture liberation velocities of polyester and silk fabrics are much higher than that of wool and cotton fabrics. For the same textile materials, knitted fabrics absorbed more water and thus took longer time to liberate the water. The surface temperature of fabrics showed three stages during moisture liberation. With the decrease of moisture regain, fabric temperature decreased gradually and jumped quickly to ambient temperature. In this way we could evaluate the moisture desorption of fabrics and develop quick-drying fabrics with imporved moisture and thermal properties.
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Li, W., Xu, W., Cui, W. et al. A novel method to analyze the moisture liberation of textile fabrics. Fibers Polym 9, 312 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12221-008-0050-0
- Moisture liberation
- Moisture regain
- Theoretical analysis