Skip to main content

Global Linear Stability Analysis of Thermo-solutal Marangoni Convection in a Liquid Bridge Under Zero Gravity


Marangoni convection is induced by the variation of surface tension along a free surface, which depends not only on temperature but also concentration. However, the onset of thermo-solutal Marangoni convection in a liquid bridge system is still unknown. Here, we perform a global linear stability analysis to determine the theoretical onset of the Marangoni convection occurring in the half-zone liquid bridge of the floating zone method of SixGe1−x crystal growth. The cylindrical liquid bridge is heated from the bottom and the highest Silicon concentration is on the top. The thermal and solutal Marangoni forces are in the same direction in this configuration. The stability diagram of the axisymmetric base flow is obtained by solving the large-scale eigenvalue problem using a Jacobian-free Arnoldi method. Oscillatory disturbance patterns appear with different azimuthal wavenumbers for unstable eigenmodes. The present linear stability analysis results explain our previous numerical simulation results.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7


Download references


This research partly used computational resources of Research Institute for Information Technology, Kyushu University. This work was partially supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP19K22015

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Atsushi Sekimoto.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Mendis, R.L.A., Sekimoto, A., Okano, Y. et al. Global Linear Stability Analysis of Thermo-solutal Marangoni Convection in a Liquid Bridge Under Zero Gravity. Microgravity Sci. Technol. 32, 729–735 (2020).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Numerical simulation
  • Global linear stability analysis
  • Floating zone method
  • Liquid bridge