Drop Tower Setup to Study the Diffusion-driven Growth of a Foam Ball in Supersaturated Liquids in Microgravity Conditions

  • Patricia Vega-Martínez
  • Javier Rodríguez-Rodríguez
  • Devaraj van der Meer
  • Matthias Sperl
Original Article


The diffusion-driven growth of a foam ball is a phenomenon that appears in many manufacturing process as well as in a variety of geological phenomena. Usually these processes are greatly affected by gravity, as foam is much lighter than the surrounding liquid. However, the growth of the foam free of gravity effects is still very relevant, as it is connected to manufacturing in space and to the formation of rocks in meteorites and other small celestial bodies. The aim of this research is to investigate experimentally the growth of a bubble cloud growing in a gas-supersaturated liquid in microgravity conditions. Here, we describe the experiments carried out in the drop tower of the Center of Applied Space Technology and Microgravity (ZARM). In few words, a foam seed is formed with spark-induced cavitation in carbonated water, whose time evolution is recorded with two high-speed cameras. Our preliminary results shed some light on how the size of the foam ball scales with time, in particular at times much longer than what could be studied in normal conditions, i.e. on the surface of the Earth, where the dynamics of the foam is already dominated by gravity after several milliseconds.


Foam Mass transfer 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fluid Mechanics GroupUniversity Carlos III of MadridLeganésSpain
  2. 2.Physics of Fluids Group, MESA+ Research Institute, and J. M. Burgers Centre for Fluid DynamicsUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Institut für Materialphysik im WeltraumDeutsches Zentrum für Luft- und RaumfahrtCologneGermany

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