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Rendiconti Lincei

, Volume 27, Supplement 1, pp 1–6 | Cite as

Environmental changes in the Arctic: an Italian perspective

  • David CappellettiEmail author
  • Roberto Azzolini
  • Leonardo Langone
  • Stefano Ventura
  • Angelo Viola
  • Stefano Aliani
  • Vito Vitale
  • Enrico Brugnoli
Environmental Changes in Arctic

Abstract

Global warming affects the Arctic two/four times faster than any other region of the planet. The components of the climate system strongly react to changes with an immediate impact on the environment and on the whole living system. As a consequence of the increasing concern, in the last two decades the research in the Arctic has rapidly grown, with the aim to better understand processes and amplification mechanisms as well as to assess consequences at mid-latitudes and on the rest of the planet. Italian scientists have provided a relevant contribution to the Arctic science with a wide range of research activities conducted so far, not only at Ny-Ålesund (Svalbard Islands), where the Italian National Research Council (CNR) manages the “Dirigibile Italia Arctic Station”, but also at Thule (Greenland) and on the surrounding seas, and in the Arctic Ocean. The strategic objectives of the wide range of activities developed since 2008 aim to reinforce the flagship sites (super-sites) as key components of an integrated pan-Arctic observing network, where it is possible to study the complex dimensions of the Arctic regional climate system and to fully develop multidisciplinary research activities in a framework of international cooperation. This special issue presents a collection of reports on recent scientific achievements and provides the state-of-the-art and future perspectives of Italian research in the Arctic.

Keywords

Arctic Global warming Observation network Italian Research 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Most of the contributions to this special issue are the result of the multi- and inter-disciplinary research activities based at the Dirigibile Italia Arctic Station, coordinated by the Dipartimento Scienze del Sistema Terra e Tecnologie per l’Ambiente (DTA) of the Italian National Research Council (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, CNR). Funding provided by national PRIN and MAE projects are gratefully acknowledged. The authors wish to thank the Presidents and all the personnel and staff of CNR that operated under the Arctic Program both in Rome and at the Dirigibile Italia Arctic Station. Prof. Francesco P. Sassi, the former Editor-in-Chief of Rendiconti Lincei, passed away in April 2016. We would like to remember his valuable help and guidance during the initial stage of the preparation of this Special Issue.

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Copyright information

© Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Chimica, Biologia e BiotecnologieUniversità di PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento Scienze del Sistema Terra e Tecnologie per l’AmbienteCNR-DTARomeItaly
  3. 3.Istituto di Scienze MarineCNR-ISMARBolognaItaly
  4. 4.Istituto per lo Studio degli EcosistemiCNR-ISEFlorenceItaly
  5. 5.Istituto di Scienze dell’Atmosfera e del ClimaCNR-ISACRomeItaly
  6. 6.Istituto di Scienze MarineCNR-ISMARLa SpeziaItaly
  7. 7.Istituto di Scienze dell’Atmosfera e del ClimaCNR-ISACBolognaItaly

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