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Rendiconti Lincei

, Volume 25, Supplement 2, pp 253–263 | Cite as

Morphometric analysis of fluvial network and age constraints of terraced surfaces of the Ofanto basin, Southern Italy

  • Roberta LabellaEmail author
  • Domenico Capolongo
  • Paolo Giannandrea
  • Salvatore Ivo Giano
  • Marcello Schiattarella
Intermontane basins in central-southern Italy

Abstract

The Ofanto basin is an intermontane depression located in an intermediate position between the axial zone and the thrust front of the southern Apennines, Italy, filled by Pliocene to Quaternary sediments of both marine and continental origin. This basin presents some peculiarities such as the orientation of the elongation axis with regard to the strike of the chain, marked anomalies of the drainage network, and the asymmetric distribution of the terraced surfaces. Our paper focuses on the morphotectonic evolution of such a complex intermontane basin and tries to explain all those characteristics. The results obtained from both quantitative and morphostructural analyses allowed us to reconstruct the Quaternary evolution of the basin, particularly referred to the ancient land surfaces and the younger fluvial terraces. The hypothesis of a long-term process driven by the differential tectonic behaviour of the two basin flanks instead of a pure litho-structural control responsible for the fluvial network asymmetry of the Ofanto River catchment is here presented and discussed.

Keywords

Intermontane basin Palaeosurfaces Fluvial terraces Geomorphometry Ofanto Basin Southern Apennines (Italy) 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We wish to thank two anonymous referees for their constructive reviews and Marcella D’Amico for the accurate revision of the English text. This study was financially supported by ‘Fondi di Ateneo – RIL 2011-2013’ (Basilicata University) granted to P. Giannandrea, S.I. Giano, and M. Schiattarella.

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Copyright information

© Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberta Labella
    • 1
    Email author
  • Domenico Capolongo
    • 2
  • Paolo Giannandrea
    • 1
  • Salvatore Ivo Giano
    • 1
  • Marcello Schiattarella
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di ScienzeBasilicata UniversityPotenzaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e GeoambientaliBari UniversityBariItaly

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