Advertisement

Highly Dispersed Pd Nanoparticles Supported on Zr-Doped MgAl Mixed Metal Oxides for 2-Ethylanthraquinone Hydrogenation

  • Yunhao Wang
  • Kaige Gao
  • Chenliang Ye
  • Ang Li
  • Cuili Guo
  • Jinli ZhangEmail author
Research Article
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, Pd-Mg(Al)-LDH/γ-Al2O3 and Pd-Mg(Al)Zr-LDH/γ-Al2O3 precursors were synthesized by impregnating Na2PdCl4 on Mg(Al)-LDH/γ-Al2O3 and Mg(Al)Zr-LDH/γ-Al2O3, and then the precursors were calcinated and reduced to obtain Pd-Mg(Al)-MMO/γ-Al2O3 and Pd-Mg(Al)Zr-MMO/γ-Al2O3 catalysts. Compared with Pd/γ-Al2O3 catalyst, the hydrogenation efficiency of Pd-Mg(Al)-MMO/γ-Al2O3 and Pd-Mg(Al)Zr-MMO/γ-Al2O3 increased by 15.7% and 24.0%, respectively. Moreover, the stability of Pd-Mg(Al)Zr-MMO/γ-Al2O3 catalyst was also higher than that of Pd/γ-Al2O3. After four runs, the hydrogenation efficiency of Pd/γ-Al2O3 decreased from 12.1 to 10.0 g/L, while that of Pd-Mg(Al)Zr-MMO/γ-Al2O3 decreased from 15.0 to 14.3 g/L. The active aquinones selectivities of all catalysts were almost 99%. The structures of the catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), N2 adsorption–desorption, inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES), CO chemisorption analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), temperature-programmed reduction with hydrogen (H2-TPR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results indicate that the improved catalytic performance is attributed to the stronger interaction between Pd and Mg(Al)Zr-MMO/γ-Al2O3, smaller Pd particle size and higher Pd dispersion. This work develops an effective method to synthesize highly dispersed Pd nanoparticles based on the layered double hydroxides (LDHs) precursor.

Keywords

LDHs precursor Mixed metal oxides Pd nanoparticles 2-Ethylanthraquinone hydrogenation Hydrogen peroxide 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21276179, 21576205) and the Program for Changjiang Scholars, Innovative Research Team in University (IRT_15R46).

Supplementary material

12209_2019_203_MOESM1_ESM.docx (115 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 115 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Li XT, Su HJ, Ren GY et al (2015) A highly stable Pd/SiO2/cordierite monolith catalyst for 2-ethyl-anthraquinone hydrogenation. RSC Adv 5(122):100968–100977CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wang CY, Wang BG, Meng XK et al (2002) Study on process integration of the production of propylene oxide and hydrogen peroxide. Catal Today 74(1–2):15–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Liu TF, Meng XK, Wang YQ et al (2004) Integrated process of H2O2 generation through anthraquinone Hydrogenation-Oxidation cycles and the ammoximation of cyclohexanone. Ind Eng Chem Res 43(1):166–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhang JL, Gao KG, Wang SL et al (2017) Performance of bimetallic PdRu catalysts supported on gamma alumina for 2-ethylanthraquinone hydrogenation. RSC Adv 7(11):6447–6456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Guo YY, Dai CN, Lei ZG (2019) Hydrogenation of 2-ethylanthraquinone on Pd-La/SiO2/cordierite and Pd-Zn/SiO2/cordierite bimetallic monolithic catalysts. Chem Eng Process Process Intensif 136:211–225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Han KY, Meng C, Zhu ZW et al (2014) Hydrogenation of commercial polystyrene over Pd/BaSO4 catalysts: effect of carrier structure. Trans Tianjin Univ 20(4):282–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Li Y, Feng JT, He YF et al (2012) Controllable synthesis, structure, and catalytic activity of highly dispersed Pd catalyst supported on whisker-modified spherical alumina. Ind Eng Chem Res 51(34):11083–11090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ding DD, Xu XY, Tian PF et al (2018) Promotional effects of Sb on Pd-based catalysts for the direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide at ambient pressure. Chin J Catal 39(4):673–681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    He YF, Liang LL, Liu YN et al (2014) Partial hydrogenation of acetylene using highly stable dispersed bimetallic Pd–Ga/MgO–Al2O3 catalyst. J Catal 309:166–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhang YW, Wei SP, Lin YJ et al (2018) Dispersing metallic platinum on green rust enables effective and selective hydrogenation of carbonyl group in cinnamaldehyde. ACS Omega 3(10):12778–12787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wang Q, Chen LF, Guan SL et al (2018) Ultrathin and vacancy-rich CoAl-layered double hydroxide/graphite oxide catalysts: promotional effect of cobalt vacancies and oxygen vacancies in alcohol oxidation. ACS Catal 8(4):3104–3115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yan TT, Bing WH, Xu M et al (2018) Acid–base sites synergistic catalysis over Mg–Zr–Al mixed metal oxide toward synthesis of diethyl carbonate. RSC Adv 8(9):4695–4702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    van Vaerenbergh B, de Vlieger K, Claeys K et al (2018) The effect of the hydrotalcite structure and nanoparticle size on the catalytic performance of supported palladium nanoparticle catalysts in Suzuki cross-coupling. Appl Catal A Gen 550:236–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Liu YN, Zhao JY, Feng JT et al (2018) Layered double hydroxide-derived Ni-Cu nanoalloy catalysts for semi-hydrogenation of alkynes: improvement of selectivity and anti-coking ability via alloying of Ni and Cu. J Catal 359:251–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Miao MY, Feng JT, Jin Q et al (2015) Hybrid Ni–Al layered double hydroxide/graphene composite supported gold nanoparticles for aerobic selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol. RSC Adv 5(45):36066–36074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Amairia C, Fessi S, Ghorbel A et al (2010) Methane oxidation behaviour over sol-gel derived Pd/Al2O3-ZrO2 materials: influence of the zirconium precursor. J Mol Catal A Chem 332(1–2):25–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shin SA, Noh YS, Hong GH et al (2018) Dry reforming of methane over Ni/ZrO2-Al2O3 catalysts: effect of preparation methods. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 90:25–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhan YY, Wang YY, Gu DM et al (2018) Ni/Al2O3-ZrO2 catalyst for CO2 methanation: the role of γ-(Al, Zr)2O3 formation. Appl Surf Sci 459:74–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Na HB, Zhu TL, Liu ZM et al (2014) Promoting effect of Zr on the catalytic combustion of methane over Pd/γ-Al2O3 catalyst. Front Environ Sci Eng 8(5):659–665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bi RX, Wang Q, Miao CL et al (2019) Pd/NiO/Al array catalyst for 2-ethylanthraquinone hydrogenation: synergistic effect between Pd and NiO/Al support. Catal Lett 149(5):1286–1296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Guo YY, Dai CN, Lei ZG (2018) Hydrogenation of 2-ethylanthraquinone with bimetallic monolithic catalysts: an experimental and DFT study. Chin J Catal 39(6):1070–1080CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bing WH, Zheng L, He S et al (2018) Insights on active sites of CaAl-hydrotalcite as a high-performance solid base catalyst toward Aldol condensation. ACS Catal 8(1):656–664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    He YF, Feng JT, Du YY et al (2012) Controllable synthesis and acetylene hydrogenation performance of supported Pd nanowire and cuboctahedron catalysts. ACS Catal 2(8):1703–1710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhu YR, An Z, He J (2016) Single-atom and small-cluster Pt induced by Sn (IV) sites confined in an LDH lattice for catalytic reforming. J Catal 341:44–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tian ZB, Li QY, Hou JY et al (2015) Platinum nanocrystals supported on CoAl mixed metal oxide nanosheets derived from layered double hydroxides as catalysts for selective hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde. J Catal 331:193–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Yuan EX, Wu C, Hou X et al (2017) Synergistic effects of second metals on performance of (Co, Ag, Cu)-doped Pd/Al2O3 catalysts for 2-ethyl-anthraquinone hydrogenation. J Catal 347:79–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pei GX, Liu XY, Chai MQ et al (2017) Isolation of Pd atoms by Cu for semi-hydrogenation of acetylene: effects of Cu loading. Chin J Catal 38(9):1540–1548CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Chen H, Zhang F, Fu S et al (2006) In situ microstructure control of oriented layered double hydroxide monolayer films with curved hexagonal crystals as superhydrophobic materials. Adv Mater 18(23):3089–3093CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wang SL, Gao KG, Li W et al (2017) Effect of Zn addition on the direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide over supported palladium catalysts. Appl Catal A Gen 531:89–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Gu JJ, Wang SL, He ZY et al (2016) Direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide from hydrogen and oxygen over activated-carbon-supported Pd–Ag alloy catalysts. Catal Sci Technol 6(3):809–817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ma XD, An Z, Zhu YR et al (2016) Pseudo-single-atom platinum induced by the promoter confined in brucite-like lattice for catalytic reforming. ChemCatChem 8(10):1773–1777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Feio LSF, Hori CE, Damyanova S et al (2007) The effect of ceria content on the properties of Pd/CeO2/Al2O3 catalysts for steam reforming of methane. Appl Catal A Gen 316(1):107–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hu W, Li GX, Chen JJ et al (2017) Enhancement of activity and hydrothermal stability of Pd/ZrO2-Al2O3 doped by Mg for methane combustion under lean conditions. Fuel 194:368–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Na HB, Liu ZM, Zhu TL (2014) In situ DRIFTS investigation of the promoting effect of Zr on Pd/Al2O3 catalyst for the catalytic combustion of methane. React Kinet Mech Catal 111(1):137–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Fang CY, Zhong HX, Wei Y et al (2018) Highly dispersed Pt species with excellent stability and catalytic performance by reducing a perovskite-type oxide precursor for CO oxidation. Trans Tianjin Univ 24(6):547–554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Wang QQ, Zhu MY, Zhang HY et al (2019) Enhanced catalytic performance of Zr-modified ZSM-5-supported Zn for the hydration of acetylene to acetaldehyde. Catal Commun 120:33–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Ardizzone S, Bianchi CL (2000) XPS characterization of sulphated zirconia catalysts: the role of iron. Surf Interface Anal 30(1):77–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Feng JT, Wang HY, Evans DG et al (2010) Catalytic hydrogenation of ethylanthraquinone over highly dispersed eggshell Pd/SiO2–Al2O3 spherical catalysts. Appl Catal A Gen 382(2):240–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Ngamsom B (2004) Characterisations of Pd–Ag/Al2O3 catalysts for selective acetylene hydrogenation: effect of pretreatment with NO and N2O. Catal Commun 5(5):243–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Tang PG, Chai YY, Feng JT et al (2014) Highly dispersed Pd catalyst for anthraquinone hydrogenation supported on alumina derived from a pseudoboehmite precursor. Appl Catal A Gen 469:312–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Tianjin University and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yunhao Wang
    • 1
  • Kaige Gao
    • 1
  • Chenliang Ye
    • 1
  • Ang Li
    • 1
  • Cuili Guo
    • 1
  • Jinli Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Chemical Engineering and TechnologyTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringShihezi UniversityShiheziChina

Personalised recommendations