Psychological Injury and Law

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 31–40

Neuropsychological Evaluation of Competency in Criminal Forensic Contexts

  • Chriscelyn M. Tussey
  • Bernice A. Marcopulos
  • Beth A. Caillouet
Article
  • 321 Downloads

Abstract

Competency issues can arise at any point beginning with an individual’s initial interaction with the justice system until the same individual is facing the imposition of a sentence. Neuropsychologists are commonly introduced to the criminal arena through referrals related to competence issues, and much can be gained from understanding how cognitive and psychological functioning can impact an individual’s ability to understand and appreciate current circumstances. The present article focuses on three less frequently explored domains of competency, including competence to waive Miranda rights, competence to consent to or refuse treatment, and competency for execution. Pertinent diagnostic considerations are discussed, and relevant legal standards and ethical issues are described. Lastly, evaluation procedures for each type of competence evaluation are discussed. This primer on competency assessment offers a review of the current practices, and limitations, in this burgeoning intersection of law, brain–behavior relationships, and psychology.

Keywords

Competency Miranda Death penalty Criminal forensic evaluation Forensic neuropsychology Treatment rejection 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chriscelyn M. Tussey
    • 1
  • Bernice A. Marcopulos
    • 2
  • Beth A. Caillouet
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Bellevue Hospital Center, New York University School of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.James Madison UniversityHarrisonburgUSA
  3. 3.Western State HospitalStauntonUSA
  4. 4.University of Virginia Medical CenterCharlottesvilleUSA

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