Psychological Injury and Law

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 147–156

A Critical Analysis of the MND Criteria for Feigned Cognitive Impairment: Implications for Forensic Practice and Research


DOI: 10.1007/s12207-011-9107-2

Cite this article as:
Rogers, R., Bender, S.D. & Johnson, S.F. Psychol. Inj. and Law (2011) 4: 147. doi:10.1007/s12207-011-9107-2


Forensic neuropsychology continues to grapple with critical determinations of response styles, including the assessment of malingering. The development of the Malingered Neurocognitive Dysfunction (MND) model has been highly influential for both feigning research and neuropsychological practice. In striving to be a comprehensive model of malingering, MND proposes complex criteria for ascertaining possible, probable, and definite levels. In its critical review, this article suggests the possibility of an MND bias towards the over-classification of malingering. It also examines the limits of MND research to adequately test the MND model. The conceptual and empirical limitations of MND are discussed with reference to theory and neuropsychological practice.


Malingered neurocognitive dysfunction Malingering Feigned cognitive impairment Slick criteria Daubert standard 

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of North TexasDentonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry & Neurobehavioral SciencesUniversity of Virginia School of MedicineCharlottesvilleUSA

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