Skip to main content

Numerical and experimental evaluation of the mechanical behavior of Kevlar/glass fiber reinforced epoxy hybrid composites

Abstract

Flexural, tensile, and impact strength of hybrid Kevlar/glass reinforced epoxy composite is studied. Six different types of hybrid composite material were manufactured by hand layup process using different compositions of Kevlar and glass fiber. Tensile, flexural and impact strengths of manufactured samples were investigated using standard tests and compared. It is observed that tensile strength is greater for combinations with higher percentage (%) of Kevlar fabric and decreases with an increase in the glass fabric %age. Flexural strength is higher for combinations with greater %age of glass fabric and decreases with an increase in the Kevlar fabric %age. From drop weight test, it is found from visual inspection that damaged area is increased with an increase in the glass fabric percentage. Numerical simulation model incorporated with elastoplastic material data successfully predicts tensile and flexural experimental results.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. [1]

    M. Latif, M. N. Prabahakr and J. Song, Fabrication of hybrid matrix/silane modified carbon fabric composites and study of their mechanical properties, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 136(26) (2019) 47695.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. [2]

    M. Latif et al., Development of hybrid composites with improved mechanical and selfhealing properties, Fibers and Polym., 20(2) (2019) 413–420.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. [3]

    A. Ali et al., Experimental and numerical characterization of mechanical properties of carbon/jute fabric reinforced epoxy hybrid composites, J. Mech. Sci. Technol., 33 (2019) 4217–4226.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. [4]

    S. Zahid et al., Experimental analysis of ILSS of glass fibre reinforced thermoplastic and thermoset textile composites enhanced with multiwalled carbon nanotubes, J. Mech. Sci. Technol., 33 (2019) 197–204.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. [5]

    J. Sun, Z. Ma, Z. Zhang, F. Weng and R. Chen, The delamination of carbon fiber reinforced composites during cutting by flexible linear shaped charge, J. Mech. Sci. Technol., 34 (2020) 1515–1522.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. [6]

    H. Lee et al., Homogenization-based multiscale analysis for equivalent mechanical properties of nonwoven carbon-fiber fabric composites, J. Mech. Sci. Technol., 33 (2019) 4761–4770.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. [7]

    Z. Arshad et al., Drop weight impact and tension-tension loading fatigue behaviour of jute/carbon fibers reinforced epoxy-based hybrid composites, Polym. Korea, 44(5) (2020) 1–8.

    Google Scholar 

  8. [8]

    I. D. G. A. Subagia and Y. Kim, A study on flexural properties of carbon-basalt/epoxy hybrid composites, J. Mech. Sci. Technol., 27 (2013) 987–992.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. [9]

    A. Vasudevan, S. Senthil Kumaran, K. Naresh and R. Velmurugan, Layer-wise damage prediction in carbon/Kevlar/S-glass/E-glass fibre reinforced epoxy hybrid composites under low-velocity impact loading using advanced 3D computed tomography, Int. J. Crashworthiness, 25(1) (2020) 9–23.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. [10]

    J. Fan, Z. Guan and W. J. Cantwell, Modeling perforation in glass fiber reinforced composites subjected to low velocity impact loading, Polym. Compos., 32(9) (2011) 1380–1388.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. [11]

    S. L. Valenc et al., Evaluation of the mechanical behavior of epoxy composite reinforced with Kevlar plain fabric and glass/Kevlar hybrid fabric, Composites Part B: Engineering, 70(1) (2015) 1–8.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. [12]

    S. Rajesh et al., Investigation of tensile behavior of Kevlar composite, Mat. Today Proc., 5(1) (2018) 1156–1161.

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. [13]

    A. Srivathsan et al., Investigation on mechanical behavior of woven fabric glass/Kevlar hybrid composite laminates made of varying fibre inplane orientation and stacking sequence, Mat. Today Proc., 4(8) (2017) 8928–8937.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. [14]

    A. K. Bandaru, L. Vetiyatil and S. Ahmad, The effect of hybridization on the ballistic impact behavior of hybrid composite armors, Composites Part B: Engineering, 76(1) (2015) 300–319.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. [15]

    P. Sahu, N. Sharma and S. K. Panda, Numerical prediction and experimental validation of free vibration responses of hybrid composite (glass/carbon/Kevlar) curved panel structure, Compos. Struct., 241 (2020) 112073.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. [16]

    R. S. Sikarwar et al., FE analysis of impact on Kevlar/epoxy laminates with different orientations and thicknesses, Materials Today Proceeding, 4(2) (2017) 2599–2607.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. [17]

    A. K. Bandaru, S. Ahmad and N. Bhatnagar, Ballistic performance of hybrid thermoplastic composite armors reinforced with Kevlar and basalt fabrics, Composites Part A: Appl. Sci. and Manuf., 97(1) (2017) 151–165.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. [18]

    A. K. Bandaru et al., Mechanical behavior of Kevlar/basalt reinforced polypropylene composites, Composites Part A: Appl. Sci. and Manuf., 90(1) (2016) 642–652.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. [19]

    A. K. Bandaru et al., Mechanical characterization of 3D angle-interlock Kevlar/basalt reinforced polypropylene composites, Polym. Testing, 55 (2016) 238–246.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. [20]

    P. N. B. Reis et al., Impact response of Kevlar composites with filled epoxy matrix, Compos. Struct., 94(12) (2012) 3520–3528.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. [21]

    A. S. Rahman, V. Mathur and R. Asmatulu, Effect of nanoclay and graphene inclusions on the low-velocity impact resistance of Kevlar-epoxy laminated composites, Compos. Struct., 187 (2018) 481–488.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. [22]

    Y. Wang, J. Li and D. Zhao, Mechanical properties of fiber glass and Kevlar woven fabric reinforced composites, Compos. Eng., 5(9) (1995) 1159–1175.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. [23]

    Designation: D 3039/D 3039M - 00e1, Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials, ASTM International (2000).

  24. [24]

    Designation: D 7264/D 7264M - 07, Standard Test Method for Flexural Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials, ASTM International (2007).

  25. [25]

    Designation: D7136/D7136M - 12, Standard Test Method for Measuring the Damage Resistance of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite to a Drop-Weight Impact Event, ASTM International (2012).

  26. [26]

    A. Ali et al., Experimental and numerical characterization of mechanical properties of carbon/jute fabric reinforced epoxy hybrid composites, J. Mech. Sci. Technol., 33(9) (2019) 4217–4226.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. [27]

    H. Ebrahimnezhad-Khaljiri, R. Eslami-Farsani and E. Akbarzadeh, Effect of interlayer hybridization of carbon, Kevlar, and glass fibers with oxidized polyacrylonitrile fibers on the mechanical behaviors of hybrid composites, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part C J. Mech. Eng. Sci., 234(9) (2020) 1823–1835.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. [28]

    R. Suthan, V. Jayakumar and S. Madhu, Evaluation of mechanical properties of Kevlar fibre epoxy composites: an experimental study, Int. J. Vehicle Structures & Systems, 10(6) (2018) 389–394.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. [29]

    S. Slawski, M. Szymiczek, J. Kaczmarczyk, J. Domin and S. Duda, Experimental and numerical investigation of striker shape influence on the destruction image in multilayered composite after low velocity impact, Appl. Sci., 10(1) (2019) 288.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. [30]

    R. J. Medeirosa and S. H. S. Nobrega, Failure theories on carbon/Kevlar hybrid fabric based composite laminate: notch and anisotropy effects, Mat. Res., 22 (3) (2019).

Download references

Acknowledgments

This project was supported by the Deanship of Scientific Research at Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, under the research project no. 2020/01/17063.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Rizwan Ahmed Malik or Hussein Alrobei.

Additional information

Rizwan Ahmed Malik is currently working as an Assistant Professor in University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan. Previously, he worked as Research Professor at School of Advanced Materials Engineering, Changwon National University, Republic of Korea. He got his Ph.D. in Nano and Advanced Materials Engineering from Changwon National University, Republic of Korea and MS in Material Science and Engineering from University of Ulsan, Republic of Korea. His principal field of interest is processing, characterization, and applications of functional Materials for actuator, sensors and energy harvesting applications.

Hussein Alrobei received a M.S. degree in Mechanical Engineering in 2014 from University of South Florida, United State. He received Ph.D. degree in Mechanical Engineering at University of South Florida, United State during 2015–2018. Currently, he is working as an Assistant Professor in Mechanical Engineering Department, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia. His research interests include composite materials, mechanical, physical and photoelectrochemical properties of molybdenum disulfide alpha-Hematite nanocomposite films.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Nabeel, M., Nasir, M.A., Sattar, M. et al. Numerical and experimental evaluation of the mechanical behavior of Kevlar/glass fiber reinforced epoxy hybrid composites. J Mech Sci Technol 34, 4613–4619 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12206-020-1019-1

Download citation

Keywords

  • Drop weight testing
  • Flexural test
  • Hybrid composite
  • Numerical simulation
  • Tensile test