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Influence of various carbon capture technologies on the performance of natural gas-fired combined cycle power plants

Abstract

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology has been studied actively in recent years to address global warming. This paper aimed to make a consistent comparison of different capture technologies applied to the natural gas-fired combined cycle (NGCC). Multiple power plant systems based on a standard NGCC using three different carbon capture technologies (post-combustion, pre-combustion, and oxycombustion) were proposed, and their net performance was compared. The optimal pressure ratio of the oxy-combustion technology system was obtained. The variations in the net cycle performance of the three systems were compared using the specific CO2 capture. The net power of the post-combustion capture scheme is lower than that of all other systems, but it has the highest efficiency. However, its biggest disadvantage is a much lower CO2 capture rate than the oxy-combustion capture which exhibits nearly 100 % capture rate. The conclusion is that the oxy-combustion capture would provide both the highest net efficiency and power output if a high capture rate of over 92 % was required.

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Correspondence to Tong Seop Kim.

Additional information

Recommended by Associate Editor Joon Ahn

J. H. Ahn received his M.S. degree from Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Inha University in 2012. His major research topic is performance analysis of advanced energy systems, especially power plants using fuel cell, gas turbine combined cycle, and CCS (Carbon capture and storage).

J. H. Jeong is studying for a master's degree at Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Inha University. His major research topic is performance analysis of advanced power system including fuel cell, gas/steam turbine combined cycle, and CCS (Carbon capture and storage).

B. S. Choi received his M.S. degree from Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Inha University in 2017. His research topic during his M.S. course was performance analysis of gas/steam turbine based power plants with carbon capture. He has been with clean power generation laboratory, KEPCO Research Inst. since 2017, where he researches s-CO2 oxy-combustion gas turbine.

T. S. Kim received his Ph.D. degree from Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Seoul National University in 1995. He has been with Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Inha University since 2000. His research interests are design, analysis and diagnosis of advanced energy systems including gas/steam turbine based power plants.

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Ahn, J.H., Jeong, J.H., Choi, B.S. et al. Influence of various carbon capture technologies on the performance of natural gas-fired combined cycle power plants. J Mech Sci Technol 33, 1431–1440 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12206-019-0245-x

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Keywords

  • Carbon capture
  • MEA process
  • Gas turbine
  • Natural gas combine cycle
  • Semi-closed oxy-combustion combined cycle