Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 1629–1637 | Cite as

Fracture analysis of woven textile composite using cohesive zone modeling

  • Kyeongsik Woo


The fracture behavior of plain weave textile composite was studied numerically by finite element analysis and cohesive zone modeling. Finite element meshes were generated by inserting cohesive elements between every side of pregenerated bulk element meshes of plain weave unit cells. Property transformation of wavy tows was accounted for by defining local axes for bulk elements of tows, and the cohesive elements were grouped and assigned corresponding fracture properties as per the fracture modes. Then periodic boundary conditions were applied simulating tensile test. It was found that the present approach provided the detailed fracture initiation and propagation history explicitly with complicated fracture modes. The predicted stress-strain curve matched accurately the reference experimental analysis results. The fracture behavior of plain weave composites was found to be highly dependent on waviness ratio, stacking pattern and number of plies.


Woven textile composites Progressive fracture analysis Cohesive zone modeling Meso-scale unit cell Periodic boundary condition Waviness ratio Stacking pattern Fracture shape 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    C. C. Poe, H. B. Dexter and I. S. Raju, Review of the NASA textile composites research, J. of Aircraft, 36 (5) (1999) 876–884.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    A. P. Mouritz, M. K. Bannister, P. J. Falzon and K. H. Leong, Review of applications for advanced threedimensional fiber textile composites, Composites: Part A, 30 (12) (1999) 1445–1461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    T. Gries, J. Stueve, T. Grundmann and D. Veit, Textile structures for load-bearing applications in automobiles, Textile Advances in the Automotive Industry, Ed. R. Shishoo (2008) 301–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    C.-K. Park, C.-D. Kan, W. T. Hollowell and S. I. Hill, Investigation of opportunities for lightweight vehicles using advanced plastics and composites, Report No. DOT HS 811 692, Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (2012).Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    T. Ishikawa and T.-W. Chou, Stiffness and strength behavior of woven fabric composites, J. of Materials Science, 17 (1982) 3211–3220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    N. K. Naik and P. Shekbekar, Elastic behavior of woven fabric composites: I-Lamina analysis, J. of Composite Materials, 26 (15) (1992) 2196–2225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    I. Raju and J. T. Wang, Classical laminate theory models for woven fabric composites, J. of Composite Technology and Research, 16 (4) (1994) 289–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    J. D. Whitcomb, Three-dimensional stress analysis of plain weave composites, NASA TM-101672 (1989).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    K. Woo and J. D. Whitcomb, Global/local finite element analysis for textile composites, J. of Composite Materials, 28 (14) (1994) 1305–1321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    H. Thom, Finite element modeling of plain weave composites, J. of Composite Materials, 33 (16) (1999) 1491–1510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    V. Varvelli and C. Poggi, A homogenization procedure for the numerical analysis of woven fabric composites, Composites: Part A, 32 (2001) 1425–1432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    I. Verpoest and S. V. Lomov, Virtual textile composites software WiseTex: Integration with micro-mechanical, permeability and structural analysis, Composites Science and Technology, 65 (2005) 2563–2574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    D. M. Blackketter, D. E. Walrath and A. C. Hansen, Modeling damage in a plain qeave fabric-reinforced composite material, J. of Composites Technology & Research, 15 (2) (1993) 136–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    J. D. Whitcomb and K. Srirengan, Effect of various approximations on predicted progressive failure in plain weave composites, Composite Structures, 34 (1996) 13–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    X. Tang and J. D. Whitcomb, Progressive failure behaviors of 3D woven composites, J. of Composite Materials, 37 (14) (2003) 1239–1259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    X. Tang, J. D. Whitcomb, A. D. Kelkar and J. Tate, Progressive failure analysis of 2x2 braided composites exhibiting multiscale heterogeneity, Composites Science and Technology, 66 (14) (2006) 2580–2590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    G. Nicoletto and E. Riva, Failure mechanisms in twillweave laminates: FEM predictions vs. experiments, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 35 (2004) 787–795.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    M. Zako, Y. Uetsuji and T. Kurashiki, Finite element analysis of damaged woven fabric composite materials, Composites Science and Technology, 63 (2003) 507–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    M. Kollegal, S. N. Chatterjee and G. Flanagan, Progressive failure analysis of plain weaves using damage mechanics based constitutive laws, International J. of Damage Mechanics, 10 (2001) 301–323.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    C.-F. Yen and B. Boesl, Progressive failure micromechanical modeling of 3D woven composites, AIAA 2011-1796, 52nd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference, Denver, Co., 4-7 April (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    G. Ernst, M. Volger, C. Huhne and R. Rolfes, Multiscale progressive failure analysis of textile composites, Composites Science and Technology, 70 (2010) 61–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    L. Gorbatikh, D. Ivanov, S. Lomov and I. Verpoest, On modelling of damage evolution in textile composites on meso-level via property degradation approach, Composites: Part A, 38 (2007) 2433–2442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    L. Xu, C. J. Jin and S. K. Ha, Ultimate strength prediction of braided textile composites using a multi-scale approach, J. of Composite Materials, 49 (4) (2015) 477–494.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    D. Xie, A. Salvi, C. Sun, A. M. Waas and A. Caliskan, Discrete cohesive zone model to simulate static fracture in 2D triaxially braided carbon fiber composites, J. of Composite Materials, 40 (22) (2006) 2025–2046.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    M. Pankow, A. M. Waas, C. F. Yen and S. Ghiorse, Resistance to delamination of 3D woven textile composites evaluated using end notch flexure (ENF) test: Cohesive Zone based computational results, Composites: Part A, 42 (2011) 1863–1872.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    H. Ahmad, A. D. Crocombe and P. A. Smith, Strength prediction of notched woven composite plates using a cohesive zone approach, 1st International Materials, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering Conference (MIMEC 2013), Johor Bahru, Malaysia, Dec. 4-6 (2013).Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    X. Li, W. K. Binienda and R. K. Goldberg, Finite element model for failure study of two-dimensional triaxially braided composite, NASA/TM-2010-216372 (2010).Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    A. A. Hillerborg, M. Modeer and P. E. Petersson, Analysis of crack formation and crack growth in concrete by means of fracture mechanics and finite elements, Cement Concrete Research, 6 (1976) 773–782.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    A. Matzenmiller, J. Lubliner and R. L. Taylor, A constitutive model for anisotropic damage in fiber-composites, Mechanics of Materials, 20 (1995) 125–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    D. S. Dugdale, Yielding of steel sheets containing slits, J. of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 8 (1960) 100–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    G. I. Barenblatt, The mathematical theory of equilibrium cracks in brittle fracture, Advances in Applied Mechanics, 7 (1962) 55–129.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    V. Tvergaard and J. W. Hutchinson, The relation between crack growth resistance and fracture parameters in elasticplastic solids, J. of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 40 (1992) 1377–1397.CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    X. P. Xu and A. Needleman, Numerical simulations of fast crack growth in brittle solids, J. of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 42 (1994) 1397–1434.CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    A. Turon, C. G. Davilla, P. P Camanho and J. Costa, An engineering solution for mesh size effects in the simulation of delamination using cohesive zone models, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 74 (2007) 1665–1682.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    P. A. Klein, J. W. Foulk, E. P. Chen, S. A. Wimmer and H. Gao, Physics-based modeling of brittle fracture: Cohesive formulation and the application of meshfree methods, Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, 37 (2001) 99–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    G. H. Paulino, W. Celes, R. Espinha and Z. Zhang, A general topology-based framework of adaptive insertion of cohesive elements in finite element meshes, Engineering with Computers, 24 (2008) 59–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil EngineeringChungbuk National UniversityChungbukKorea

Personalised recommendations