Skip to main content
Log in

Improvement of surface conditions of 36 Cr Ni Mo 6 steel by ball burnishing process

  • Published:
Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Ball burnishing, a mechanical surface treatment, is becoming more popular as a finishing process. As results ball burnishing is noticed as a very simple way of surface mirror finishing and surface work-hardening. Applying the optimal input parameters, a pre-machined surface roughness Ra about of 3.01 μm can be finished to approximately 0.30 μm, whereas an initial hardness HRA about 66.35 can be increased to 71.33. A metallographic observation and some measurement of micro-hardness show that the depth of penetration strengthened by plastic surface deformation (PSD) reaches 100 μm. Results analysis show that burnishing force, burnishing ball radius and number of ball burnishing tool passes have the most significant effects on both surface responses (Ra and HRA). For the generating of high surface qualities and strengthening superficial layers, an alternative to chip-forming process and heat treatments can be given by ball PSD process.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. M. H. EL-Axir, An investigation into roller burnishing, Int. J. Mach. Tools Manufact. (40) (2003) 1603–1617.

    Google Scholar 

  2. P. Zhang and J. Lindemann, Effect of roller burnishing on the high cycle fatigue performance on the high-strength wrought magnesium alloy AZ80, Scripta Mater. (52) (2005) 1011–1015.

    Google Scholar 

  3. A. C. E. Mendar, La technique du galetage, Métaux et déformation (47) (1978) 46–52.

    Google Scholar 

  4. F. Klocke and J. Lierman, Roller burnishing of hard turned surfaces, Int. J. Mach. Tools Manufact. (38) (1998) 419–423.

    Google Scholar 

  5. H. Hamadache, L. Laouar, k. Chaoui and N. E. Zeghib, Characteristics of Rb 40 steel superficial layer under ball and roller burnishing, J. Mater. Process. Technol. (180) (2006) 130–136.

    Google Scholar 

  6. A. M. Hassan, The effect of ball and roller burnish-ing on the surface roughness of some non-ferrous metals, J. Mater. Process. Technol. (72) (1997) 385–391.

    Google Scholar 

  7. F. J. Shiou and C. C. Hsu, Surface finish of hardened and tempered stainless tool steel using sequential ball grinding, ball burnishing and ball polishing processes on a machining center, J. Mater. Process. Technol. (205) (2008) 549–258.

    Google Scholar 

  8. H. Hamadache, A. Amirat and K. Chaoui, Effect of diamond ball burnishing on surface characteristics and fatigue strength of XC55 steel, Int. Review Mech. Eng. (1) (2008) 40–48.

    Google Scholar 

  9. R. Avillés, J. Albizuri, A. Rodriguez and L. N. Lopez de Lacalle, Influence of low-plasticity ball burnishing on the high-cycle fatigue strength of medium carbon AISI 1045 steel, Int. J. Fatigue (55) (2013) 230–244.

    Google Scholar 

  10. K. Zay, E. Maawad, H. G. Brokmeier, L. Wagner and Ch. Genzel, Influence of mechanical surface treatments on high cycle fatigue performance of TIMETAL 54M, Mater. Sci. Eng. A (528) (2011) 2554–2558.

    Google Scholar 

  11. E. Maawed, H. G. Brokmeier, L. Wagner, Y. Sano and Ch. Genzel, Investigation on the surface and near-surface characteristics of Ti-2.5Cu after various mechanical surface treatments, Surf. Coat. Technol. (205) (2011) 3644–3650.

    Google Scholar 

  12. H. Hamadache, L. Laouar and K. Chaoui, Comportement mécanique d’un acier au carbone sous l’effet du brunissage ou du galetage, Mécanique & Industrie (9) (2008) 183–191.

    Google Scholar 

  13. W. Grzesik and K. Zak, Modification of surface finish produced by hard turning using superfinishing and burnishing operations, J Mater. Process. Technol. (212) (2012) 315–322.

    Google Scholar 

  14. F. J. Shiou and C. C. Hsu, Freeform surface finish of plastic injection mold by using ball burnishing process, J. Mater. Process. Technol. (140) (2003) 248–254.

    Google Scholar 

  15. K. O. Low and K. J. Wong, Influence of ball burnishing on surface quality and tribological characteristics of polymers under dry sliding conditions, Tribol. Int. (44) (2011) 144–153.

    Google Scholar 

  16. L. N. López de Lacalle, A. RodrÍguez, A. Lamikiz, A. Celaya and R. Alberdi, Five-axis machining and burnishing of complex parts for the improvement of surface roughness, Mater. Manuf. Proces. (26) (2011) 997–1003.

    Google Scholar 

  17. L. N. Lopez de Lacalle, A. Lamiki J. Munoa and J. A. Sanchez, Quality improvement of ball-end milled sculptured surfaces by ball burnishing, Int. J. Mach. Tools Manufact. (45) (2005) 1659–1668.

    Google Scholar 

  18. L. Laouar, H. Hamadache, S. Saad, A. Bouchelaghem and S. Mekhilef, Mechanical surface treatment of steel-Optimization parameters of regime, Phy. Proc. (2) (2009) 1213–1221.

    Google Scholar 

  19. M. Korzynski and A. Pacana, Centerless burnishing and influence of its parameters on machining effects, J. Mater. Process. Technol. (9) (2010) 1217–1223.

    Google Scholar 

  20. H. Basak and H. H. Goktas, Burnishing process on al-alloy and optimization of surface roughness and surface hardness by fuzzy logic, Mat. Des. (30) (2009) 1275–1281.

    Google Scholar 

  21. A. Rodriguez, L. N. Lopez de Lacalle, A. Celaya, A. Lamikiz and J. Albizuri, Surface improvement of shafts by the deep ball-burnishing technique, Surf. Coat. Technol. (206) (2012) 2817–2824.

    Google Scholar 

  22. M. Salahshoor and Y. B. Guo, Surface integrity of biodegradable magnesium-calcium orthopedic implant by burnishing, J. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mater. (4) (2011) 1888–904.

    Google Scholar 

  23. A. M. Hassan, H. F Al-Jalil and A. A. Ebied, Burnishing force and number of ball passes for the optimum surface finish of brass components, J. Mater. Process. Technol. (83) (1998) 176–179.

    Google Scholar 

  24. M. H. EL-Axir and M. M. EL-Khabeery, Influence of orthogonal burnishing parameters on surface characteristics for various materials, J. Mater. Process. Technol. (132) (2003) 82–89.

    Google Scholar 

  25. H. Luo, L. Wang and C. Zhang, Study of mechanism of the burnishing process with cylindrical polycrystalline diamond tools, J. Mater. Process. Technol. (180) (2006) 9–16.

    Google Scholar 

  26. M. H. El-Axir, O. M. Othman and A. M. Abodiena, Study on the inner surface finishing of aluminum al-loy 2014 by ball burnishing process, J. Mater. Process. Technol. (202) (2008) 435–442.

    Google Scholar 

  27. J. Goupy, Plans d’expériences pour surfaces de réponse, Ed Dunod, Paris (1999).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hamid Hamadache.

Additional information

Recommended by Associate Editor In-Ha Sung

H. Hamadache is presently lecturer and researcher at the mechanical engineering department of Badji Mokhtar-Annaba University, Algeria. His current and previous research interests are material sciences and machining, material characterization. And mechanical surface treatment are investigated in order to perform the quality of machined work.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Hamadache, H., Zemouri, Z., Laouar, L. et al. Improvement of surface conditions of 36 Cr Ni Mo 6 steel by ball burnishing process. J Mech Sci Technol 28, 1491–1498 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12206-014-0135-1

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12206-014-0135-1

Keywords

Navigation