Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology

, Volume 27, Issue 11, pp 3531–3539 | Cite as

Analysis and modeling of exhaust gas temperature in an ethanol fuelled HCCI engine

  • Bahram BahriEmail author
  • Azhar Abdul Aziz
  • Mahdi Shahbakhti
  • Mohd Farid Muhamad Said


Low exhaust temperature in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) significantly limits efficiency of an exhaust aftertreatment system to mitigate high HC and CO emissions in HCCI engines. This article aims to understand the effect of varying input parameters on HCCI exhaust gas temperature (Texh) for an ethanol fuelled engine. A single cylinder engine is used to collect experimental data at 100 different HCCI conditions. The results indicate that variation in combustion parameters such as start of combustion (SOC), burn duration (BD) and maximum in-cylinder pressure (Pmax) are not effectively correlated with variations of Texh, but the indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) and constant-volume adiabatic flame temperature (Tad) are strongly related to Texh. These experimental findings were then used to design an artificial neural network (ANN) model to predict Texh. The model was validated with the experimental data, indicating an average error less than 4.5°C between predicted and measured Texh.


HCCI Ethanol combustion Exhaust gas temperature Artificial neural network 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bahram Bahri
    • 1
    Email author
  • Azhar Abdul Aziz
    • 1
  • Mahdi Shahbakhti
    • 2
  • Mohd Farid Muhamad Said
    • 1
  1. 1.Automotive Development Center (ADC), Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)Johor BahruMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering — Engineering MechanicsMichigan Technological UniversityHoughtonUSA

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