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Development of Virtual Load Rating Method for Taxiway Bridge under Aircraft Taxiing

Abstract

This paper presents finite element model (FEM) based virtual load rating method for accurately and efficiently evaluating the bearing capacity of taxiway bridge in the field under aircraft taxiing. A dynamic load coefficient of aircraft loading was first developed considering deck pavement roughness and aircraft lift force. The in situ responses of taxiway bridges under 10 aircraft were collected using instrumentation system with acceleration sensor, strain sensor, and inclinometer. The modal frequency, strain influence lines, and deflections of taxiway bridge were obtained from FE analysis and in situ test. An optimization objective function in terms of fundamental frequency and strain influence lines was formulated to ensure convergence and effectiveness in the model updating process, wherein the bending stiffness, density and boundary conditions of the structures are selected as the design variables. The weighted-average method of model updating parameters was proposed considering the differences in the obtained parameters under different loading conditions. The analysis results of updated FE model were validated using static loading test conducted on taxiway bridge. Finally, the proposed virtual load rating method was applied to Taxiway Bridge V in Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (CAN).

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Dong, Q., Wang, J., Zhang, X. et al. Development of Virtual Load Rating Method for Taxiway Bridge under Aircraft Taxiing. KSCE J Civ Eng 23, 3030–3040 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12205-019-1912-2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12205-019-1912-2

Keywords

  • aircraft operation
  • finite element updating
  • strain influence lines
  • taxiway bridge
  • vibration mode