Stress Distribution and Failure Characteristics for Workface Floor of a Tilted Coal Seam
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A mechanical model for the tilted workface floor along the tilted direction of coal seam was proposed. Stress expressions of an arbitrary point inside the tilted workface floor were deduced. Calculation formula for the maximum failure depth of the lateral floor strata of the tilted workface was also deduced. Based on the Mohr-Coulomb yield criterion, the tilted workface floor’s stress distribution, and failure depth and shape were simulated by using FLAC3D software for different coal seam’s dip angles, buried depths, and workface widths. Results show that the concentration coefficient, the peak value and the distance between the peak position of the lateral abutment pressure and the roadway on both sides of the tilted workface decreases with the increases in coal seam’s dip angle. The vertical stress isoclines present a “spoon-shaped” distribution along the tilted direction of workface. Both sides of the workface form “bubble-shaped” distribution shear stress and its peak value increases first and then decreases with the increases in coal seam’s dip angle and reaches maximum at 30°–35°. The tilted workface floor’s plastic failure zone presents a “spoon-shaped” distribution along the tilted direction of workface, which is large on the lower side and small on the upper side. The plastic zone’s failure depth increases first and then decreases with the increases in the dip angle of coal seam and reaches maximum at 30°.
Keywordstilted coal seam workface floor stress distribution failure characteristics failure depth failure shape
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This work was supported by the Major Research Funding Project of Natural Science of Anhui Province University (No. KJ2018ZD010), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51404013), and the Open Projects of State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering at the China University of Mining and Technology (No. SKLGDUEK1212).
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