KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 22, Issue 9, pp 3321–3330 | Cite as

Evaluation of Compaction and Crushing Characteristics of Frozen and Unfrozen Sands Under Repetitive Compactions

  • Kichoel Lee
  • Chang Geun Song
  • Dongwook Kim
Geotechnical Engineering


In permafrost or seasonal frost regions, compactions are carried out under freezing conditions. Typical compaction characteristics under nonfreezing conditions are different from those under freezing conditions. To compare the compaction characteristics of frozen and unfrozen sands, a series of sand compactions was performed under nonfreezing temperature (15°C) and freezing temperature (-10°C). For each temperature, 50 compaction cycles producing 50 compaction curves were conducted on Jumunjin sands. After the 50 compaction cycles, compaction sensitivity, changes of dry unit weight, and particle size distribution curves were analyzed. As a result, for a given water content, dry unit weight increases with increasing accumulated compaction energy per unit sample volume under both the nonfreezing and freezing temperatures. Compaction sensitivity under the nonfreezing temperature was the lower than that under the freezing temperature. Nonetheless, compaction under the nonfreezing condition was more efficient compared with that under the freezing condition.


compaction soil particle crushing nonfreezing temperature freezing temperature compaction sensitivity water content 


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Copyright information

© Korean Society of Civil Engineers 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dept. of Civil and Environmental EngineeringIncheon National UniversityIncheonKorea
  2. 2.Dept. of Safety EngineeringIncheon National UniversityIncheonKorea

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