KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 22, Issue 12, pp 5094–5101 | Cite as

Investigation into the Effectiveness of Ultrasonic Tomography for Grouting Quality Evaluation

  • Jiangbo Lu
  • Shenghua Tang
  • Xiaodong Dai
  • Zhi FangEmail author
Structural Engineering


This study is aimed to determine the influence of the parameters relevant for the application of ultrasonic tomography in the field of grouting quality evaluation. The parameters tested were the wave velocity difference between concrete and grout (VDCG), the type of material used for a pipe, and the type of pre-stressed tendon within the pipe. Fourteen cube specimens were constructed, and a theoretical model was used to analyse the effects of these parameters. The results show that these parameters affect each other on the detection effectiveness of ultrasonic tomography, and that VDCG affects it most. It was found that ultrasonic tomography is suitable for the evaluation of grouting quality in post-tensioned structures when VDCG is small and the type of tendon used is a steel bar.


post-tensioned concrete ducts voids ultrasonic tomography 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aggelis, D. G., Tsimpris, N., Chai, H. K., Shiotani, T., and Kobayashi, Y. (2011). “Numerical simulation of elastic waves for visualization of defects.” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 25, No. 4, 1503–1512, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.08.008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andersen, A. H. and Kak, A. C. (1984). “Simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique (SART): A superior implementation of the ART algorithm.” Ultrasonic Imaging, Vol. 6, No. 1, 81–94, DOI: 10.1177/016173468400600107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Asakawa, E. and Kawanaka, T. (1993). “Seismic ray tracing using linear traveltime interpolation.” Geophysical Prospecting, Vol. 41, No. 1, 99–111, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2478.1993.tb00567.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Breysse, D. (2012). Non-Destructive Assessment of Concrete Structures: Reliability and Limits of Single and Combined Techniques: State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 207-INR, Springer Science & Business Media, Germany.Google Scholar
  5. Chai, H. K., Momoki, S., Kobayashi, Y., Aggelis, D. G., and Shiotani, T. (2011). “Tomographic reconstruction for concrete using attenuation of ultrasound.” Ndt & E International, Vol. 44, No. 2, 206–215, DOI: 10.1016/j.ndteint.2010.11.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Haach, V. G. and Ramirez, F. C. (2016). “Qualitative assessment of concrete by ultrasound tomography.” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 119, pp. 61–70, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.05.056.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Jackson, M. J., Tweeton, D. R. (1994). MIGRATOM-geophysical tomography using wavefront migration and fuzzy constraints. Minneapolis, MN: US Department of Interior, Bureau of Mines.Google Scholar
  8. Lankard, D. R., Thompson, N., Sprinkel, M. M., and Virmani, Y. P. (1993). “Grouts for bonded post-tensioned concrete construction: Protecting prestressing steel from corrosion.” ACI Materials Journal, Vol. 90, No. 5, 406–414, DOI: 10.14359/3867.Google Scholar
  9. Liu, K. F., Chai, H. K., Mehrabi, N., Yoshikazu, K., and Shiotani, T. (2014). “Condition assessment of PC tendon duct filling by elastic wave velocity mapping.” The Scientific World Journal, Vol. 2014, pp. 1–14, DOI: 10.1155/2014/194295.Google Scholar
  10. Lu, J. B. and Fang, Z. (2014). “An improved ray-tracing algorithm based on linear travel-time interpolation.” Acta Seismologica Sinica, Vol. 36, No. 6, 1089–1100, DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-3782.2014.06.010. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. Martin, J., Broughton, K. J., Giannopolous, A., Hardy, M. S. A., and Forde, M. C. (2001). “Ultrasonic tomography of grouted duct posttensioned reinforced concrete bridge beams.” NDT & E International, Vol. 34, No. 2, 107–113, DOI: 10.1016/S0963-8695(00)00035-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Muldoon, R., Chalker, A., Forde, M. C., Ohtsu, M., and Kunisue, F. (2007). “Identifying voids in plastic ducts in post-tensioning prestressed concrete members by resonant frequency of impact–echo, SIBIE and tomography.” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 21, No. 3, 527–537, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2006.04.009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Osawa, S., Shiotani, T., Kitora, H., and Momiyama, Y. (2014). “Damage visualization of imperfectly-grouted sheath in PC structures.” In 31st Conference of the European Working Group on Acoustic Emission, German Society for Non-Destructive, Dresden, Germany.Google Scholar
  14. Woodward, R. J. and Williams, F. W. (1988). “Collapse of Yns-y-gwas Bridge, Glamorgan.” Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Vol. 84, No. 4, 635–669, DOI: 10.1680/iicep.1988.179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Society of Civil Engineers 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiangbo Lu
    • 1
  • Shenghua Tang
    • 2
  • Xiaodong Dai
    • 1
  • Zhi Fang
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Hunan Provincial Communications PlanningSurvey & Design Institute CO., LTDChangsha, HunanChina
  2. 2.College of Civil Engineering and MechanicsXiangtan UniversityXiangtan, HunanChina
  3. 3.College of Civil EngineeringHunan UniversityChangsha, HunanChina

Personalised recommendations