Skip to main content

Effect of Submerged Vanes on Scour Around a Bridge Abutment

Abstract

Submerged vanes are small plate structures that create a secondary flow rotation to reduce scouring. This paper presents the results of laboratory experiments investigating how submerged vanes affect scouring around a vertical wall and spill-through abutments under clear water conditions. This study focused on vane distance from the abutment, lateral spacing of the vanes, number of vanes in a row, number of vane rows, the angle of attack with flow, the direction of the vanes, and the position of the first vane relative to the toe of the abutment. An angle of 30o was found to be the best angle of attack and lateral spacing of vanes obtained 2H S - 3H S . In addition the optimal distance of the first vane from the toe and wall of the abutment was L/3 and B/3.2, respectively (in which L is the abutment length and B is the channel width), and the number of vanes in a row was found to be 1 and 2. These results showed that, the maximum scour reduction in a vertical wall and spill-through abutments was 34.2% and 35.6%, respectively. Based on experimental results from changing the direction of the vanes and locating the first vane along the toe of the abutment, the depth of the scour was increased.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Barbhuiya, A. K. and Dey, S. (2003). “Vortex flow field in a scour hole around abutments.” Int, J. Sediment Research, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 310–325.

    Google Scholar 

  • Barbhuiya, A. K. and Dey, S. (2004). “Turbulent flow measurement by the ADV in the vicinity of a rectangular cross-section cylinder placed at a channel sidewall.” J. Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 221–237, DOI: 10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2004.02.002.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Brice, J. C. and Blodgett, J. C. (1978). Countermeasures for hydraulic problems and bridges, Vol. 1 and 2, Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Washington, D.C.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chiew, Y. M. (1984). Local scour at bridge piers, Thesis presented to the University of Auckland, at Auckland, New Zealand, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chiew, Y. M. (2008). “Scour and scour countermeasures at bridge sites.” School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, pp. 639798.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dey, S. (1997). “Local scour at piers.” part 1: A review of development of research.” Int. J. Sediment Research, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 23–44.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ettema, R. E. (1980). “Scour at bridge piers.” Rep. No. 236, School of Engineering, University of Auckland., New Zealand.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gersten, K. (1963). “A non-linear lifting surface theory especially for low aspect ratio wing.” ALAA J., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 924–925.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ghorbani, B. and kells, J. A. (2008).“Effect of submerged vanes on the scour occuring at a cylindrical pier.” J. Hydraulic. Research, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 1–10, DOI: 10.3826/jhr.2008.3003.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Johnson, P. A., Hey, R.D., Tessier, M., and Rosgen, D. L. (2001). “Use of vanes for control of scour at vertical wall abutment.” ASCE, J. Hydraulic Engineering, vol. 127, no. 9, pp. 772–779, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(2001)127:9(772).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kandasamy, J. K. and Melville, B. W. (1989). Bridge damage due to Cyclone Bola, Report No. 459, School of Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kwan, T. F. (1984). Study of abutment scour, Rep. No. 328, School of Engineering, University of Auckland, New Zealand.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kwan, T. F. (1988). A study of abutment scour, Rep. No. 451, School of Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kwan, T. F. and Melville, B. W. (1994). “Local scour and flow measurements at bridge piers.” J. Hydraulic. Research, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 661–674, DOI: 10.1080/00221689409498707.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lauchlan, C. S. (1999). Pier scour countermeasures, PhD Thesis, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lauchlan, C. S. and Melville, B. M. (2001). “Riprap protection at bridge piers.” ASCE, J. Hydraulic. Engineering, vol. 127, no. 5, pp. 412–418, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(2001)127:5(412).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Laursen, E. M. (1963). “Analysis of relief bridge scour.” ASCE, J. Hydraulic. Division, vol. 89, no. 3, pp. 93–118.

    Google Scholar 

  • Macky, G. H. (1990). Survey of roading expenditure due to scour, C.R. 90.09, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) Hydrology Centre, Christchurch, New Zealand.

    Google Scholar 

  • Manes, C. and Brocchini, M. (2015). “Local scour around structures and the phenomenology of turbulence.” J. Fluid Mech., vol. 779, pp. 309–324.

    MathSciNet  Article  MATH  Google Scholar 

  • Marelius, F. and Sinha, S. K. (1998). “Experimental investigation of flow past submerged vanes.” ASCE, J. Hydraulic. Engineering, Vol. 124, No. 5.

    Google Scholar 

  • Masjedi, A., Morattab, B., and Savari, A. (2001). “Study of effect angle of submerged vanes on scour hole at flume bend.” J. world. Appl. Sci., vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 2047–2051.

    Google Scholar 

  • Melville, B. W. (1975). Scour at bridge sites, Report No. 117, School of Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

    Google Scholar 

  • Melville, B. W. (1992). “Local scour at bridge abutment.” ASCE, J. Hydraulic. Engineering, vol. 118, no. 4, pp. 615–631, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(1992)118:4(615).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Melville, B. W. (1997). “Pier and abutment scour: Integrated approach.” ASCE, J. Hydraulic. Engineering, vol. 123, no. 2, pp. 125–136, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(1997)123:2(125).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Odgaard, A. J. and Kennedy, J. F. (1983). “River-bend bank protection by submerged vanes.” ASCE, J. Hydraulic. Engineering, vol. 109, no. 8, pp. 1161–1173, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(1983)109:8 (1161).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Odgaard, A. J. and Mosconi, C. E. (1987). “Streambank protection by submerged vanes.” ASCE, J. Hydraulic. Engineering, vol. 113, no. 4, pp. 520–536.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Odgaard, A. J. and Spoljaric, A. (1986). “Sediment control by submerged vane.” ASCE, J. Hydraulic. Engineering, Vol. 112, No. 12, pp.1164–1180.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Odgaard, A. J. and Wang, Y. (1991). “Sediment management with submerged vanes. I: Theory.” ASCE, J. Hydraulic. Engineering, vol. 117, no. 3, pp. 267–283, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429 (1991)117:3(267).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Postacchini, M., Brocchini, M., Corvaro, S., Lorenzoni, C., and Mancinelli, A. (2011). “Comparative analysis of the sea wave dissipation induced by three flow mechanisms.” J. Hydraulic. Research, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 554–561.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Raudkivi, J. A. (1998). Loose boundary hydraulics, A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

    Google Scholar 

  • Shafaei Bejestan, M., Khademi, K., and Kozeymehnezhad, H. (2015). “Submerged vane-attached to the abutment as scour countermeasure.” J. Ali shams. Engineering, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 775–783, DOI: 10.1016/j.asej.2015.02.006.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sutherland, A. J. (1986). Reports on bridge failure, R. R. U. Occasional Paper, National Roads Board, Wellington, New Zealand.

    Google Scholar 

  • Zwol J. A. Van, (2004). Design aspect of submerged vanes, M.Sc. Thesis presented to the university of technology, The Netherlands.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Seyed Mohammad Ali Zomorodian.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Fathi, A., Zomorodian, S.M.A. Effect of Submerged Vanes on Scour Around a Bridge Abutment. KSCE J Civ Eng 22, 2281–2289 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12205-017-1453-5

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12205-017-1453-5

Keywords

  • submerged vane
  • abutment
  • scour
  • primary vortex
  • vertical wall abutment
  • spill-through abutment